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About Thodoris Bais

Thodoris Bais
Thodoris is an Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer and works as a Junior Software Developer, in the banking sector. He pursues a diploma at Informatics & Telecommunications Engineering and is interested in entrepreneurship and startups.

ListBox Example with JSF 2.0

Hello Java Developers, today we ‘re gonna talk about listboxes in JSF 2.0. In JSF, we can use the <h:selectOneListbox /> tag, in order to render a single-selection listbox. For example, a simple HTML listbox that includes three options, could be displayed using JSF, like below:

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<h:selectOneListbox value="#{user.favoriteYear}">
   	<f:selectItem itemValue="2000" itemLabel="Year : 2000" />
   	<f:selectItem itemValue="2010" itemLabel="Year : 2010" />
   	<f:selectItem itemValue="2020" itemLabel="Year : 2020" />
</h:selectOneListbox>

Before diving into the full example, I will first explain the three different ways that we can render a single-selection listbox:

  1. Hardcoded value in a f:selectItem tag.
  2. Generated values using a Map and passed into the fore-mentioned tag.
  3. Generate values using an Object Array and passed again into the f:selectItem tag, then represent the value using a var attribute.

1. Backing Bean

Here’s the structure of the Bean that holds the submitted values.

UserBean.java

package com.javacodegeeks.enterprise.jsf;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.faces.bean.ManagedBean;
import javax.faces.bean.SessionScoped;

@ManagedBean
@SessionScoped
public class UserBean implements Serializable{

	private static final long serialVersionUID = 4256272866128337548L;

	public String favoriteCar1;
	public String favoriteCar2;
	public String favoriteCar3;
	public String getFavoriteCar1() {
		return favoriteCar1;
	}
	public void setFavoriteCar1(String favoriteCar1) {
		this.favoriteCar1 = favoriteCar1;
	}
	public String getFavoriteCar2() {
		return favoriteCar2;
	}
	public void setFavoriteCar2(String favoriteCar2) {
		this.favoriteCar2 = favoriteCar2;
	}
	public String getFavoriteCar3() {
		return favoriteCar3;
	}
	public void setFavoriteCar3(String favoriteCar3) {
		this.favoriteCar3 = favoriteCar3;
	}
	
	//generated by map
	private static Map<String, Object> favoriteCar2Value;
	static
	{
		favoriteCar2Value = new LinkedHashMap<String, Object>();
		
		favoriteCar2Value.put("BMW Series 1 - 116", "116"); //label, value
		favoriteCar2Value.put("BMW Series 1 - 118", "118");
		favoriteCar2Value.put("BMW Series 1 - 120", "120");
	}
	
	public Map<String, Object> getFavoriteCar2Value()
	{
		return favoriteCar2Value;
	}
	
	//generated by object array
	public static class Car
	{
		public String carLabel;
		public String carValue;
		
		public Car(String carLabel, String carValue)
		{
			this.carLabel = carLabel;
			this.carValue = carValue;
		}
		
		public String getCarLabel()
		{
			return carLabel;
		}
		
		public String getCarValue()
		{
			return carValue;
		}
	}
	
	public Car[] car3List;
	
	public Car[] getFavoriteCar3Value()
	{
		car3List = new Car[3];
		
		car3List[0] = new Car("BMW Series 3 - 316", "316");
		car3List[1] = new Car("BMW Series 3 - 318", "318");
		car3List[2] = new Car("BMW Series 3 - 320", "320");
	
		return car3List;
	}
	
}

2. Our JSF Pages

First, the welcome page:

index.xhtml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"    
      xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html"
      xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core" >
 
    <h:head>
    	<title>JSF ListBox Example</title>
    </h:head>
    
    <h:body>
    	<h1>JSF 2.2 ListBox Example</h1>
    	
    	<h:form>
    		1. Hardcoded with "f:selectItem" :
    		<br/>
    		
    		<h:selectOneListbox value="#{user.favoriteCar1}">
    			<f:selectItem itemValue="520" itemLabel="BMW Series 5 - 520" />
    			<f:selectItem itemValue="525" itemLabel="BMW Series 5 - 525" />
    			<f:selectItem itemValue="535" itemLabel="BMW Series 5 - 535" />
    		</h:selectOneListbox>
    		
    		<br/><br/>
    		
    		2. Generated by Map:
    		<br/>
    		
    		<h:selectOneListbox value="#{user.favoriteCar2}">
    			<f:selectItems value="#{user.favoriteCar2Value}" />
    		</h:selectOneListbox>
    		
    		<br/><br/>
    		
    		3. Generated by Object Array; access with "var"
    		<br/>
    		<h:selectOneListbox value="#{user.favoriteCar3}">
    			<f:selectItems value="#{user.favoriteCar3Value}" var="c"
    				itemLabel="#{c.carLabel}" itemValue="#{c.carValue}"	/>
    		</h:selectOneListbox>
    		
    		<br/>
    		
    		<h:commandButton value="Submit" action="response"/>
    		<h:commandButton value="Reset" type="reset"/>
    	</h:form>
    </h:body>
</html>

Then, just to ensure that every submitted value saved correctly, we ‘ll try to access the related getters through a JSF page:

response.xhtml




 
     
    	

JSF 2.2 ListBox Example - Response Page

  1. user.favoriteCar1 : #{user.favoriteCar1}
  2. user.favoriteCar2 : #{user.favoriteCar2}
  3. user.favoriteCar3 : #{user.favoriteCar3}

3. Demo

I ‘ll just select my favorites from each group:

img

Let’s see what happened:

img2

This was an example of ListBox in JSF 2.0. You can also download the source code for this example: ListBoxJSF

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