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About Andreas Pomarolli

Andreas Pomarolli
Andreas has graduated from Computer Science and Bioinformatics at the University of Linz. During his studies he has been involved with a large number of research projects ranging from software engineering to data engineering and at least web engineering. His scientific focus includes the areas of software engineering, data engineering, web engineering and project management. He currently works as a software engineer in the IT sector where he is mainly involved with projects based on Java, Databases and Web Technologies.

JavaFX Charts Example

This is a JavaFX Charts Example. A chart is a graphical representation of data. Charts provide an easier way to analyze large volume of data visually. Typically, they are used for reporting purposes. Different types of charts exist. They differ in the way they represent the data. Not all types of charts are suitable for analyzing all types of data.

JavaFX supports charts, which can be integrated in a Java application. It contains a comprehensive, extensible Chart API that provides built-in support for several types of charts.
 
 
 
 

 
The following table shows an overview of the whole article:

The following examples uses Java SE 8 and JavaFX 2.2.

1. Introduction

1.1 The Chart API

The abstract Chart is the base class for all charts. It inherits the Node class. Charts can be added to a Scene Graph. They can also be styled with CSS as any other nodes. The Chart class contains properties and methods common to all type of charts.

JavaFX divides charts into two categories:

  • Charts having no-axis
  • Charts having an x-axis and a y-axis

The PieChart class falls into the first category. It has no axis, and it is used to draw a pie chart. The XYChart class falls into the second category. It is the abstract base class for all charts having two axes. Its subclasses, for example, LineChart, BarChart, etc., represent specific type of charts.

Every chart in JavaFX has three parts:

  • A title
  • A legend
  • The Content

Different types of charts define their data differently. The Chart class contains the following properties that are common to all types of charts:

  • title
  • titleSide
  • legend
  • legendSide
  • legendVisible
  • animated

The title property specifies the title for a chart.

The titleSide property specifies the location of the title. By default, the title is placed above the chart content. Its value is one of the constants of the Side enum: TOP (default), RIGHT, BOTTOM and LEFT. Typically, a chart uses different types of symbols to represent data in different categories.

A legend lists symbols with their descriptions. The legend property is a Node and it specifies the legend for the chart. By default, a legend is placed below the chart content.

The legendSide property specifies the location of the legend, which is one of the constants of the Side enum: TOP, RIGHT, BOTTOM (default) and LEFT.

The legendVisible property specifies whether the legend is visible. By default, it is visible.

The animated property specifies whether the change in the content of the chart is shown with some type of animation. By default, it is true.

1.2 Styling Charts with CSS

You can style all types of charts. The Chart class defines properties common to all types of charts. The default CSS style-class name for a chart is chart. You can specify the legendSide, legendVisible, and titleSide properties for all charts in a CSS as shown:

.chart 
{
	-fx-legend-side: top;
	-fx-legend-visible: true;
	-fx-title-side: bottom;
}

Every chart defines two substructures:

  • chart-title
  • chart-content

The chart-title is a Label and the chart-content is a Pane. The following styles sets the background color for all charts to yellow and the title font to Arial 16px bold.

.chart-content 
{
	-fx-background-color: yellow;
}
.chart-title 
{
	-fx-font-family: "Aeial";
	-fx-font-size: 16px;
	-fx-font-weight: bold;
}

The default style-class name for legends is chart-legend. The following style sets the legend background color to light gray.

.chart-legend 
{
	-fx-background-color: lightgray;
}

Every legend has two substructures:

  • chart-legend-item
  • chart-legend-item-symbol

The chart-legend-item is a Label, and it represents the text in the legend. The chart-legend-itemsymbol is a Node, and it represents the symbol next to the label, which is a circle by default. The following style sets the font size for the labels in legends to 10px and the legend symbols to an arrow.

.chart-legend-item 
{
	-fx-font-size: 16px;
}
.chart-legend-item-symbol 
{
	-fx-shape: "M0 -3.5 v7 l 4 -3.5z";
}

1.3 Using Data in Charts

FxChartUtil.java

import javafx.collections.FXCollections;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.chart.PieChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;

public class FxChartUtil 
{
	// Create PieChart Data
	public static ObservableList<PieChart.Data> getChartData() 
	{
		ObservableList<PieChart.Data> data = FXCollections. observableArrayList();
		data.add(new PieChart.Data("China", 1275));
		data.add(new PieChart.Data("India", 1017));
		data.add(new PieChart.Data("Brazil", 172));
		data.add(new PieChart.Data("UK", 59));
		data.add(new PieChart.Data("USA", 285));
		return data;
	}
	
	// Create XYChart Country Data 
	public static ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number, Number>> getCountrySeries() 
	{
		XYChart.Series<Number, Number> seriesChina = new XYChart.Series<Number, Number>();
		seriesChina.setName("China");
		seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(1950, 555));
		seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2000, 1275));
		seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2050, 1395));
		seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2100, 1182));
		seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2150, 1149));
		
		XYChart.Series<Number, Number> seriesIndia = new XYChart.Series<Number, Number>();
		seriesIndia.setName("India");
		seriesIndia.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(1950, 358));
		seriesIndia.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2000, 1017));
		seriesIndia.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2050, 1531));
		seriesIndia.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2100, 1458));
		seriesIndia.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2150, 1308));
		
		XYChart.Series<Number, Number> seriesUSA = new XYChart.Series<Number, Number>();
		seriesUSA.setName("USA");
		seriesUSA.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(1950, 158));
		seriesUSA.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2000, 285));
		seriesUSA.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2050, 409));
		seriesUSA.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2100, 437));
		seriesUSA.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2150, 453));	
		
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number, Number>> data =
			FXCollections.<XYChart.Series<Number, Number>>observableArrayList();
		data.add(seriesChina);
		data.add(seriesIndia);
		data.add(seriesUSA);
		return data;
	}

	// Create XYChart Year Data 
	public static ObservableList<XYChart.Series<String, Number>> getYearSeries() 
	{
		XYChart.Series<String, Number> series1950 = new XYChart.Series<String, Number>();
		series1950.setName("1950");
		series1950.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("China", 555));
		series1950.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("India", 358));
		series1950.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("Brazil", 54));
		series1950.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("UK", 50));
		series1950.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("USA", 158));
		
		XYChart.Series<String, Number> series2000 = new XYChart.Series<String, Number>();
		series2000.setName("2000");
		series2000.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("China", 1275));
		series2000.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("India",1017));
		series2000.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("Brazil", 172));
		series2000.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("UK", 59));
		series2000.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("USA", 285));
		
		XYChart.Series<String, Number> series2050 = new XYChart.Series<String, Number>();
		series2050.setName("2050");
		series2050.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("China", 1395));
		series2050.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("India",1531));
		series2050.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("Brazil", 233));
		series2050.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("UK", 66));
		series2050.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<String, Number>("USA", 409));
		
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<String, Number>> data =
			FXCollections.<XYChart.Series<String, Number>>observableArrayList();
		data.add(series1950);
		data.add(series2000);
		data.add(series2050);
		return data;
	}	
}

This is a Helper Class. The class consists of two static methods that generate
and return XYChart data. The getCountrySeries() method returns the list of series that plots the years along the x-axis and the corresponding populations along the y-axis. The getYearSeries() method returns a list of series that plots the countries along the x-axis and the corresponding populations along the y-axis. Additionally, the class contains the method getChartData(), which returns data for the PieChart.

We will be calling these methods to get data for our PieChart and XYCharts in subsequent sections.

2. The PieChart

2.1 The Code

FxChartsExample1.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.geometry.Side;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.PieChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample1 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}

	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage)
	{
		// Create the PieChart
		PieChart chart = new PieChart();
		// Set the Title of the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population in Year 2000");
		// Place the legend on the left side
		chart.setLegendSide(Side.LEFT);
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<PieChart.Data> chartData = FxChartUtil.getChartData();
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create a Stackpane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("piechart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Pie Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

A pie chart consists of a circle divided into sectors of different central angles. Typically, a pie is circular. The sectors are also known as pie pieces or pie slices. Each sector in the circle represents a quantity of some kind. The central angle of the area of a sector is proportional to the quantity it represents.

An instance of the PieChart class represents a pie chart. The class contains two constructors:

  • PieChart()
  • PieChart(ObservableList<PieChart.Data> data)

The no-args constructor creates a pie chart with no content. You can add the content later using its data property. The second constructor creates a pie chart with the specified data as its content.

// Create the PieChart
PieChart chart = new PieChart();

A slice in a pie chart is specified as an instance of the PieChart.Data class. A slice has a name (or a label) and a pie value represented by the name and pieValue properties of the PieChart.Data class, respectively.

The following statement creates a slice for a pie chart. The slice name is “China” and the pie value is 1275.

new PieChart.Data("China", 1275);

The content of a pie chart (all slices) is specified in an ObservableList<PieChart.Data>.

The following snippet of code creates an ObservableList<PieChart.Data> and adds the pie slices to it.

// Create PieChart Data
public static ObservableList<PieChart.Data> getChartData()
{
	ObservableList<PieChart.Data> data = FXCollections. observableArrayList();
	data.add(new PieChart.Data("China", 1275));
	data.add(new PieChart.Data("India", 1017));
	data.add(new PieChart.Data("Brazil", 172));
	data.add(new PieChart.Data("UK", 59));
	data.add(new PieChart.Data("USA", 285));
	return data;
}

The PieChart class contains several properties:

  • data
  • startAngle
  • clockwise
  • labelsVisible
  • labelLineLength

The data property specifies the content for the chart in an ObservableList<PieChart.Data>.

The startAngle property specifies the angle an degrees to start the first pie slice. By default, it is zero degrees, which corresponds to three o’clock position. A positive startAngle is measured anticlockwise.

The clockwise property specifies whether the slices are placed clockwise starting at the startAngle. By default, it is true.

The labelsVisible property specifies whether the labels for slices are visible. Labels for slices are displayed close to the slice and they are placed outside the slices. The label for a slice is specified using the name property of the PieChart.Data class.

In our example, “China”, “India”, “Brazil”, etc., are labels for slices. Labels and slices are connected through straight lines. The labelLineLength property specifies the length of those lines. Its default value is 20.0 pixels. The above program uses a pie chart to display the population for five countries in year 2000.

The program creates an empty pie chart and sets its title. The legend is placed on the left side. Later, it sets the data for the chart.

The data is generated in the getChartData() method, which returns an ObservableList<PieChart.Data> containing the name of the countries as the labels for pie slices and their populations as pie values.

2.2 Styling the PieChart with CSS

All properties, except the data property, defined in the PieChart class, can be styled using CSS as shown below.

piechart.css

.chart 
{
	-fx-clockwise: false;
	-fx-pie-label-visible: true;
	-fx-label-line-length: 10;
	-fx-start-angle: 90;
}

.chart-pie 
{
	-fx-border-color: white;
	-fx-background-insets: 2;
}

Four style classes are added to each pie slice added to a pie chart:

  • chart-pie
  • data<i>
  • default-color<i>
  • negative

The <i> in the style-class name data<i> is the slice index. The first slice has the class data0, the second data1, the third data2 and so on.

The <j> in the style-class name default-color<j> is the color index of the series. In a pie chart, you can think of each slice as a series. The default CSS (Modena.css) defines eight series colors. If your pie slice has more than eight slices, the slice color will be repeated.

The negative style-class is added only when the data for the slice is negative.

The following style will set a white border with 2px of background insets for all pie slices. It will show a wider gap between two slices as you have set 2px insets.

.chart-pie 
{
	-fx-border-color: white;
	-fx-background-insets: 2;
}

2.3 The GUI

The following figure shows a pie chart that displays the population of five countries in the year 2000.

A JavaFX PieChart Example

A JavaFX PieChart Example

3. The XYChart

An instance of a concrete subclass of the abstract XYChart<X,Y> class defines a two-axis chart. The generic type parameters X and Y are the data type of values plotted along x-axis and y-axis, respectively.

3.1 Representing Axes in an XYChart

An instance of a concrete subclass of the abstract Axis<T> class defines an axis in the XYChart.

The abstract Axis<T> class is the base class for all classes representing axes. The generic parameter T is the type of the values plotted along the axis. An axis displays ticks and tick labels. The Axis<T> class contains properties to customize the ticks and tick labels. An axis can have a label, which is specified in the label property.

The concrete subclasses CategoryAxis and NumberAxis are used for plotting String and Number data values along an axis, respectively. They contain properties specific to the data values.

By default, the range of the data on an axis is automatically determined based on the data. You can turn off this feature by setting the autoRanging property in the Axis<T> class to false.

The following snippet of code creates an instance of the CategoryAxis and NumberAxis and sets their labels.

CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Country");
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

3.2 Adding Data to an XYChart

Data in an XYChart represents points in the 2D plane defined by the x-axis and y-axis. A point in a 2D plane is specified using the x and y coordinates, which are values along the x-axis and y-axis, respectively. The data in an XYChart is specified as an ObservableList of named series. A series consists of multiple data items, which are points in the 2D plane. How the points are rendered depends on the chart type.

An instance of the nested static XYChart.Data<X,Y> class represents a data item in a series. The class defines the following properties:

  • XValue
  • YValue
  • extraValue
  • node

The XValue and YValue are the values for the data item along the x-axis and y-axis, respectively. Their data types need to match the data type of the x-axis and y-axis for the chart.

The extraValue is an Object, which can be used to store any additional
information for the data item. Its use depends of the chart type. If the chart does not
use this value, you can use it for any other purpose: for example, to store the tooltip
value for the data item.

The node specifies the node to be rendered for the data item in the chart. By default, the chart will create a suitable node depending on the chart type.

Suppose both axes of an XYChart plot numeric values. The following snippet of code creates some data items for the chart. The data items are the population of China from 1950 to 2150.

XYChart.Series<Number, Number> seriesChina = new XYChart.Series<Number, Number>();
seriesChina.setName("China");
seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(1950, 555));
seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2000, 1275));
seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2050, 1395));
seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2100, 1182));
seriesChina.getData().add(new XYChart.Data<Number, Number>(2150, 1149));

An instance of the nested static XYChart.Series<X,Y> class represents a series of data items. The class defines the following properties:

  • name
  • data
  • chart
  • node

The name is the name of the series.

The data is an ObservableList of XYChart.Data. It represents the data for the chart.

The chart is a read-only reference to the chart to which the series belong.

The node is a Node to display for this series. A default node is automatically created based on the chart type.

The following snippet of code creates and adds the data for an XYChart chart assuming the data series seriesIndia and seriesUSA exists.

ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number, Number>> data =
	FXCollections.<XYChart.Series<Number, Number>>observableArrayList();
data.add(seriesChina);
data.add(seriesIndia);
data.add(seriesUSA);

4. The BarChart

4.1 The Code

FxChartsExample2.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.BarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample2 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}
	
	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage) 
	{
		// Create the Axis
		CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Country");
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");
		
		// Create the BarChart
		BarChart<String, Number> chart = new BarChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Country and Year");
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<String,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getYearSeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);
		
		// Create the Stackpane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");
		
		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("barchart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Vertical Bar Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

A bar chart renders the data items as horizontal or vertical rectangular bars. The lengths of the bars are proportional to the value of the data items.

An instance of the BarChart class represents a bar chart. In a bar chart, one axis must be a CategoryAxis and the other a ValueAxis/NumberAxis. The bars are drawn vertically or horizontally, depending on whether the CategoryAxis is the x-axis or the y-axis.

The BarChart contain two properties to control the distance between two bars in a category and the distance between two categories:

  • barGap
  • categoryGap

The default value is 4 pixels for the barGap and 10 pixels for the categoryGap.

The BarChart class contains three constructors to create bar charts by specifying axes, data, and gap between two categories.

  • BarChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • BarChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)
  • BarChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data, double categoryGap)

Notice that you must specify at least the axes when you create a bar chart. The following snippet of code creates two axes and a bar chart with those axes.

// Create the Axis
CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Country");
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the BarChart
BarChart chart = new BarChart(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Country and Year");

The bars in the chart will appear vertically as the category axis is added as the x-axis. You can populate the chart with data using its setData() method.

// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series> chartData = FxChartUtil.getYearSeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

4.2 Styling the BarChart with CSS

By default, a BarChart is given style-class names: chart and bar-chart. The following style sets the default values for the barGap and categoryGap properties for all bar charts to 0px and 20px. The bars in the same category will be placed next to each other.

barchart.css

.bar-chart 
{
	-fx-bar-gap: 0;
	-fx-category-gap: 20;
}

You can customize the appearance of the bars for each series or each data item in a series. Each data item in a BarChart is represented by a Node. The Node gets four default style-class names:

  • chart-bar
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>
  • negative

In series<i>, <i> is the series index. For example, the first series is given the style-class name as series0, the second as series1, etc.

In data<j>, <j> is the index of the data item within a series. For example, the first data item in each series gets a style-class name as data0, the second as data1, etc.

In default-color<k>, <k> is the series color index. For example, each data item in the first series will get a style-class name as default-color0, in the second series default-color1, etc. The default CS defines only eight series colors. The value for <k> is equal to (i%8), where i is the series index. That is, series colors will repeat if you have more than eight series in a bar chart.

The negative class is added if the data value is negative.

Each legend item in a bar chart is given the following style-class names:

  • chart-bar
  • series<i>
  • bar-legend-symbol
  • default-color<j>

In series<i>, <i> is the series index.

In default-color<j>, <j> is the color index of the series. The legend color will repeat, as the bar colors do, if the number of series exceeds 8.

4.3 The GUI

The following image shows an example of a vertical bar chart.

A JavaFX vertical BarChart Example

A JavaFX vertical BarChart Example

5. The StackedBarChart

5.1 The Code

FxChartsExample3.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.CategoryAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.StackedBarChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample3 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}
	
	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage) 
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
		// Set the Label for the Axis
		xAxis.setLabel("Country");
		// Add the Categories to the Axis
		xAxis.getCategories().addAll("China", "India", "Brazil", "UK", "USA");
		
		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		// Set the Label for the Axis
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");
		
		// Create the Chart
		StackedBarChart<String, Number> chart = new StackedBarChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Country and Year");
		// Set the data for the chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<String, Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getYearSeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create the Stackpane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("stackbarchart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Vertical Stacked Bar Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();		
	}
}

A stacked bar chart is a variation of the bar chart. In a stacked bar chart, the bars in a category are stacked. Except for the placement of the bars, it works the same way as the bar chart.

An instance of the StackedBarChart class represents a stacked bar chart. The bars can be placed horizontally or vertically. If the x-axis is a CategoryAxis, the bars are placed vertically. Otherwise, they are placed horizontally. Like the BarChart, one of the axes must be a CategoryAxis and the other a ValueAxis/NumberAxis.

The StackedBarChart class contains a categoryGap property that defines the gap between bars in adjacent categories. The default gap is 10px. Unlike the BarChart class, the StackedBarChart class does not contain a barGap property, as the bars in one category are always stacked.

The constructors of the StackedBarChart class are similar to the ones for the BarChart class. They let you specify the axes, chart data, and category gap.

There is one notable difference in a creating the CategoryAxis for the BarChart and the StackedBarChart. The BarChart reads the categories values from the data whereas you must explicitly add all category values to the CategoryAxis for a StackedBarChart.

// Create the X-Axis
CategoryAxis xAxis = new CategoryAxis();
// Set the Label for the Axis
xAxis.setLabel("Country");
// Add the Categories to the Axis
xAxis.getCategories().addAll("China", "India", "Brazil", "UK", "USA");

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
// Set the Label for the Axis
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the Chart
StackedBarChart<String, Number> chart = new StackedBarChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Country and Year");
// Set the data for the chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<String, Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getYearSeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

5.2 Styling the StackedBarChart with CSS

By default, a StackedBarChart is given style-class names: chart and stacked-bar-chart.

The following style sets the default value for the categoryGap properties for all stacked bar charts to 20px. The bars in a category will be placed next to each other.

.stacked-bar-chart 
{
	-fx-category-gap: 20;
}

5.3 The GUI

The following GUI shows a vertical stacked bar chart.

A JavaFX StackedBarChart Example

A JavaFX StackedBarChart Example

6. The ScatterChart

6.1 The Code

FxChartsExample4.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.ScatterChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample4 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}
	
	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage) 
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Year");
		// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
		xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
		xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
		xAxis.setUpperBound(2300);
		xAxis.setTickUnit(50);
		
		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");
		
		// Create the ScatterChart
		ScatterChart<Number,Number> chart = new ScatterChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);
		
		// Create the Stackpane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");
		
		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("scatterchart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Scatter Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

A bar chart renders the data items as symbols. All data items in a series use the same symbol. The location of the symbol for a data item is determined by the values on the data item along the x-axis and y-axis.

An instance of the ScatterChart class represents a scatter chart. You can use any type of Axis for the x-axis and y-axis. The class does not define any additional properties. It contains constructors that allow you to a create scatter chart by specifying axes and data.

  • ScatterChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • ScatterChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)

Recall that the autoRanging for an Axis is set to true by default. If you are using numeric values in a scatter chart, make sure to set the autoRanging to false. It is important to set the range of the numeric values appropriately to get uniformly distributed points in the chart. Otherwise, the points may be located densely in a small area and it will be hard to read the chart.

The following code snippet shows how to create and populate a scatter chart.

// Create the X-Axis
NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Year");
// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
xAxis.setUpperBound(2300);
xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the ScatterChart
ScatterChart<Number,Number> chart = new ScatterChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

Both axes are numeric axes. The x-axis is customized. The autoRanging is set to false; reasonable lower and upper bounds are set. The tick unit is set to 50. If you do not customize these properties, the ScatterChart will automatically determine them and the chart data will be hard to read.

6.2 Styling the ScatterChart with CSS

The ScatterChart is not assigned any additional style-class name other than chart. You can customize the appearance of the symbols for each series or each data item in a series. Each data item in a ScatterChart is represented by a Node. The Node gets four default style-class names:

  • chart-symbol
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>
  • negative

Please refer to the section Styling the BarChart with CSS for more details on the meanings of <i>, <j>, and <k> in these style-class names. Each legend item in a scatter chart is given the following style-class names:

  • chart-symbol
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>

The following style will display the data items in the first series as triangles filled in blue. Note that only eight color series are defined. After that, colors are repeated as discussed at length in the section on the pie chart.

scatterchart.css

.chart-symbol.default-color0 
{
	-fx-background-color: blue;
	-fx-shape: "M5, 0L10, 5L0, 5z";
}

6.3 The GUI

This figure shows an example of a scatter chart. Both axes are numeric axes.

A JavaFX ScatterChart Example

A JavaFX ScatterChart Example

7. The LineChart

7.1 The Code

FxChartsExample5.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.LineChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample5 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}

	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage)
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Year");
		// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
		xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
		xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
		xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
		xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

		// Create the LineChart
		LineChart<Number,Number> chart = new LineChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create the Stackpane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);

		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("linechart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Line Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

A line chart displays the data items in a series by connecting them by line segments. Optionally, the data points themselves may be represented by symbols. You can think of a line chart as a scatter chart with symbols in a series connected by straight line segments. Typically, a line chart is used to view the trend in data change over time or in a category.

An instance of the LineChart class represents a line chart. The class contains a createSymbols property, which is set to true by default. It controls whether symbols are created for the data points. Set it to false to show only straight lines connecting the data points in a series.

The LineChart class contains two constructors to create line charts by specifying axes and data.

  • LineChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • LineChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)

The following code snippet shows how to create and populate a line chart.

// Create the X-Axis
NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Year");
// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the LineChart
LineChart<Number,Number> chart = new LineChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

7.2 Styling the LineChart with CSS

The LineChart is not assigned any additional style-class name other than chart. The following style specifies that the LineChart should not create symbols.

linechart.css

.chart 
{
	-fx-create-symbols: false;
}

The LineChart creates a Path node to show the lines connecting all data points for a series. A line for a series is assigned the following style-class names:

  • chart-series-line
  • series<i>
  • default-color<j>

Here, <i> is the series index and <j> is the color index of the series. If the createSymbols property is set to true, a symbol is created for each data point. Each symbol node is assigned the following style-class name:

  • chart-line-symbol
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>

Here, <i> is the series index, <j> is the data item index within a series, and <k> is the color index of the series. Each series is assigned a legend item, which gets the following style-class names:

  • chart-line-symbol
  • series<i>
  • default-color<j>

7.3 The GUI

The following image shows the result of the above program, which creates and populates a line chart.

A JavaFX LineChart Example

A JavaFX LineChart Example

8. The BubbleChart

8.1 The Code

FxChartsExample6.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.BubbleChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample6 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}

	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage)
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Year");
		// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
		xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
		xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
		xAxis.setUpperBound(2300);
		xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

		// Create the BubbleCHart
		BubbleChart<Number,Number> chart = new BubbleChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");

		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();

		// Set the Bubble Radius
		setBubbleRadius(chartData);

		// Set the Data for the Chart
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create the StackPane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("bubblechart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Bubble Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}

	// Calculate the Bubble Radius
	private void setBubbleRadius(ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> 	chartData)
	{
		for(XYChart.Series<Number,Number> series: chartData)
		{
			for(XYChart.Data<Number,Number> data : series.getData())
			{
				data.setExtraValue(20); // set Bubble radius
			}
		}
	}
}

A bubble chart is very similar to a scatter chart, except that it has the ability to represent three values for a data point. A bubble is used to represent a data items in series. You can set the radius of the bubble to represent the third value for the data point.

An instance of the BubbleChart class represents a bubble chart. The class does not define any new properties. A bubble chart uses the extraValue property of the XYChart.Data class to get the radius of the bubble. The bubble is an ellipse whose radii are scaled based on the scale used for the axes. Bubbles look more like a circle if the scales for x-axis and y-axis are almost equal.

The BubbleChart class defines two constructors:

  • BubbleChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • BubbleChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)

The following code snippet shows how to create and populate a bubble chart.

// Create the X-Axis
NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Year");
// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
xAxis.setUpperBound(2300);
xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the BubbleCHart
BubbleChart<Number,Number> chart = new BubbleChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");

// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();

// Set the Bubble Radius
setBubbleRadius(chartData);

// Set the Data for the Chart
chart.setData(chartData);

8.2 Styling the BubbleChart with CSS

The BubbleChart is not assigned any additional style-class name other than chart. You can customize the appearance of the bubbles for each series or each data item in a series. Each data item in a BubbleChart is represented by a Node. The Node gets four default style-class names:

  • chart-bubble
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>

Here, <i> is the series index, <j> is the data item index within a series, and <k> is the color index of the series. Each series is assigned a legend item, which gets the following style-class names:

  • chart-bubble
  • series<i>
  • bubble-legend-symbol
  • default-color<k>

Here, <i> and <k> have the same meanings as described above. The following style sets the fill color for the series color index 0 to blue. The bubbles and legend symbols for the data items in the first series will be displayed in blue. The color will repeat for series index 8, 16, 24, etc.

bubblechart.css

.chart-bubble.default-color0 
{
	-fx-bubble-fill: blue;
}

8.3 The GUI

The following GUI shows a bubble chart.

A JavaFX BubbleChart Example

A JavaFX BubbleChart Example

9. The AreaChart

9.1 The Code

FxChartsExample7.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.AreaChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample7 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}

	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage)
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Year");
		// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
		xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
		xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
		xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
		xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

		// Create the AreaChart
		AreaChart<Number,Number> chart = new AreaChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create the StackPane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("areachart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("An Area Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

The area chart is a variation of the line chart. It draws lines connecting all data items in a series and, additionally, fills the area between where the line and the x-axis is painted. Different colors are used to paint areas for different series.

An instance of the AreaChart represents an area chart. Like the LineChart class, the class contains a createSymbols property to control whether symbols are drawn at the data points. By default, it is set to true.

The class contains two constructors:

  • AreaChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • AreaChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)

The following code snippet shows how to create and populate an area chart.

// Create the X-Axis
NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Year");
// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the AreaChart
AreaChart<Number,Number> chart = new AreaChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

9.2 Styling the AreaChart with CSS

The AreaChart is not assigned any additional style-class name other than chart. The following style specifies that the AreaChart should not create symbols for representing the data points.

areachart.css

.chart 
{
	-fx-create-symbols: false;
}

Each series in an AreaChart is represented by a Group containing two Path nodes. One Path represents the line segment connecting all data points in the series, and another Path represents the area covered by the series. The Path node representing the line segment for a series is assigned the following style-class names:

  • chart-series-area-line
  • series<i>
  • default-color<j>

Here, <i> is the series index and <j> is the color index of the series.

The Path node representing the area for a series is assigned the following style-class names:

  • chart-series-area-fill
  • series<i>
  • default-color<j>

Here, <i> is the series index and <j> is the color index of the series. If the createSymbols property is set to true, a symbol is created for each data point. Each symbol node is assigned the following style-class name:

  • chart-area-symbol
  • series<i>
  • data<j>
  • default-color<k>

Here, <i> is the series index, <j> is the data item index within a series, and <k> is the color index of the series. Each series is assigned a legend item, which gets the following style-class names:

  • chart-area-symbol
  • series<i>
  • area-legend-symbol
  • default-color<j>

Here, <i> is the series index and <j> is the color index of the series.

9.3 The GUI

The following image shows an area chart.

A JavaFX AreaChart Example

A JavaFX AreaChart Example

10. The StackedAreaChart

10.1 The Code

FxChartsExample8.java

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.chart.StackedAreaChart;
import javafx.scene.chart.NumberAxis;
import javafx.scene.chart.XYChart;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class FxChartsExample8 extends Application
{
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		Application.launch(args);
	}

	@Override
	public void start(Stage stage)
	{
		// Create the X-Axis
		NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
		xAxis.setLabel("Year");
		// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
		xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
		xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
		xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
		xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

		// Create the Y-Axis
		NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
		yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

		// Create the StackedAreaChart
		StackedAreaChart<Number,Number> chart = new StackedAreaChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
		// Set the Title for the Chart
		chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
		// Set the Data for the Chart
		ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
		chart.setData(chartData);

		// Create the StackPane
		StackPane root = new StackPane(chart);
		// Set the Style-properties of the Pane
		root.setStyle("-fx-padding: 10;" +
				"-fx-border-style: solid inside;" +
				"-fx-border-width: 2;" +
				"-fx-border-insets: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-radius: 5;" +
				"-fx-border-color: blue;");

		// Create the Scene
		Scene scene = new Scene(root);
		// Add the Stylesheet to the Scene
		scene.getStylesheets().add(getClass().getResource("stackareachart.css").toExternalForm());
		// Add the Scene to the Stage
		stage.setScene(scene);
		// Set the Title of the Stage
		stage.setTitle("A Stacked Area Chart Example");
		// Display the Stage
		stage.show();
	}
}

The stacked area chart is a variation of the area chart. It plots data items by painting an area for each series. Unlike the area chart, areas for series do not overlap; they are stacked.

An instance of the StackedAreaChart represents a stacked area chart. Like the AreaChart class, the class contains a createSymbols property.

The class contains two constructors:

  • StackedAreaChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis)
  • StackedAreaChart(Axis<X> xAxis, Axis<Y> yAxis, ObservableList<XYChart.Series<X,Y>> data)

The following code snippet shows how to create and populate a stacked area chart.

// Create the X-Axis
NumberAxis xAxis = new NumberAxis();
xAxis.setLabel("Year");
// Customize the X-Axis, so points are scattered uniformly
xAxis.setAutoRanging(false);
xAxis.setLowerBound(1900);
xAxis.setUpperBound(2200);
xAxis.setTickUnit(50);

// Create the Y-Axis
NumberAxis yAxis = new NumberAxis();
yAxis.setLabel("Population (in millions)");

// Create the StackedAreaChart
StackedAreaChart<Number,Number> chart = new StackedAreaChart<>(xAxis, yAxis);
// Set the Title for the Chart
chart.setTitle("Population by Year and Country");
// Set the Data for the Chart
ObservableList<XYChart.Series<Number,Number>> chartData = FxChartUtil.getCountrySeries();
chart.setData(chartData);

10.2 Styling the StackedAreaChart with CSS

stackareachart.css

Styling a StackedAreaChart is the same as styling an AreaChart.

.chart 
{
	-fx-create-symbols: false;
}

10.3 The GUI

The following GUI shows an example of a stacked area chart.

A JavaFX StackedAreaChart Example

A JavaFX StackedAreaChart Example

11. Download Java Source Code

This was an example of javafx.scene.chart

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: JavaFxChartsExample.zip
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arenar

thank you✌