Nikos Maravitsas

About Nikos Maravitsas

Nikos has graduated from the Department of Informatics and Telecommunications of The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Currently, his main interests are system’s security, parallel systems, artificial intelligence, operating systems, system programming, telecommunications, web applications, human – machine interaction and mobile development.

Android Thread Example

In this example we are going to see how to use Android Thread. As we  read from the official documentation:

  • Thread is a concurrent unit of execution. It has its own call stack for methods being invoked, their arguments and local variables. Each virtual machine instance has at least one main Thread running when it is started; typically, there are several others for housekeeping. The application might decide to launch additional Threads for specific purposes.
  • Threads in the same VM interact and synchronize by the use of shared objects and monitors associated with these objects. Synchronized methods and part of the API in Object also allow Threads to cooperate.
  • There are basically two main ways of having a Thread execute application code. One is providing a new class that extends Thread and overriding its run() method. The other is providing a new Thread instance with a Runnableobject during its creation. In both cases, the start() method must be called to actually execute the new Thread.
  • Each Thread has an integer priority that basically determines the amount of CPU time the Thread gets. It can be set using the setPriority(int) method. A Thread can also be made a daemon, which makes it run in the background. The latter also affects VM termination behavior: the VM does not terminate automatically as long as there are non-daemon threads running.

For this tutorial, we will use the following tools in a Windows 64-bit platform:

  • JDK 1.7
  • Eclipse 4.2 Juno
  • Android SKD 4.2

1. Create a new Android Project

Open Eclipse IDE and go to File -> New -> Project -> Android -> Android Application Project. You have to specify the Application Name, the Project Name and the Package name in the appropriate text fields and then click Next.

create-new-project-attrs

In the next window make sure the “Create activity” option is selected in order to create a new activity for your project, and click Next. This is optional as you can create a new activity after creating the project, but you can do it all in one step.

check-create-new-activity

Select “BlankActivity” and click Next.

create-blanc-activity

You will be asked to specify some information about the new activity.  In the Layout Name text field you have to specify the name of the file that will contain the layout description of your app. In our case the file res/layout/main.xml will be created. Then, click Finish.

new-activity-attr

2. Create the main layout of the Application

Open res/layout/main.xml file :

main-xml

And paste the following code :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/progressBar1"
        style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:indeterminate="false"
        android:max="10"
        android:padding="4dip" >
    </ProgressBar>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:onClick="startProgress"
        android:text="Start" />

</LinearLayout>

Now you may open the Graphical layout editor to preview the User Interface you created:

graphical-layout

3. Code

Now we have to write the code of the application. Use the Package Explorer to navigate to the Java file of the Activity you’ve created:

main-src-file

The code of this tutorial is pretty much self explanatory. The interesting part is how to update the value of the Progress bar. We are going to use a Thread to run the backgroud process that updates tha value of the progress bar. Although this example works fine, it is strongly advised to use a Handler or an AsyncTask to explicity bind the backroud thread with the UI thread.

package com.javacodegeeks.android.androidthreadexample;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
	private ProgressBar bar;

	/** Called when the activity is first created. */

	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.main);
		bar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressBar1);

	}

	public void startProgress(View view) {

		bar.setProgress(0);
		new Thread(new Task()).start();
	}

	class Task implements Runnable {
		@Override
		public void run() {
			for (int i = 0; i <= 10; i++) {
				final int value = i;
				try {
					Thread.sleep(1000);
				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
				bar.setProgress(value);

			}
		}

	}

}

4. Run the application

This is the main screen of our Application.

main-screen

Now, when you press the “Start” button, the thread that updates the bar’s value :

progress

Download Eclipse Project

This was an Android Thread Example. Download the Eclipse Project of this tutorial: AndroidThreadExample

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