In this article, we’re going to install Python on Mac OS using the software pyenv. Also, we’ll see some configurations to set our Python version and run an example.
For this article, it’s recommended to install the package manager Homebrew. It’s an open-source package management system that makes simpler the installation of software on a macOS system.
To install it, access the website here and follow the instructions.
Also, feel free to use any IDE/Code Editor with support for Python language and versions recommended above.
2. Why do we use Python
Python is a programming language used to develop computer applications. Also, is one of the most used and studied technology in the world.
Know how to programming in Python is a great deal for developers as for other professionals since Python has applicable to many areas like data science, statistics, finances, games, and so many others.
In the next steps, we’re going to install Python on Mac OS using Homebrew. Further, we’ll know the software pyenv, used to handle different Python versions, and finally write our first application in Python.
3. Installing pyenv
Firstly, using Homebrew we’ll run the command below to install pyenv.Homebrew command install pyenv
$ brew install pyenv
And voilá pyenv is installed that easily. To confirm the installation, use the version command.pyenv version
$ pyenv --version pyenv 1.2.22
4. Installing Python
Moving on, let’s install Python using
pyenv. To do that, we’ll use the install command as follows:Installing Python with pyenv
$ pyenv install 3.9.1 python-build: use firstname.lastname@example.org from homebrew python-build: use readline from homebrew Downloading Python-3.9.1.tar.xz... -> https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.9.1/Python-3.9.1.tar.xz Installing Python-3.9.1... python-build: use readline from homebrew python-build: use zlib from xcode sdk Installed Python-3.9.1 to /Users/slauriano/.pyenv/versions/3.9.1
Note: for this article, the most recent Python version available to install with
pyenv was 3.9.1. You can check the versions available to install using the command
install --list and find out what version fits your needs.
To check if the install was successful, use the command versions with
pyenv.Check Python version with pyenv
$ pyenv versions * system (set by /Users/slauriano/.pyenv/version) 3.9.1
5. Set your global default
Now, it’s time to set the main version of Python. That means, we’re going to choose which version of Python we’ll use as default.
To do that, we use the command
global with pyenv.Set global default
$ pyenv global 3.9.1
Using the command
versions on pyenv, we can check if the version was changed as desired.Set global default
$ pyenv versions system * 3.9.1 (set by /Users/slauriano/.pyenv/shims/version)
5.1 Troubleshooting global default
If the global default version of Python set before wasn’t changed as required, you’ll need to set the init command to pyenv work properly.pyenv init command
$ eval "$(pyenv init -)"
You can also add this command to your
~/.bash_profile) to load into your terminal properties.
6. Write a program and run it
To write a program in Python you can use any text editor of your choice. I put the code below that just reverses the text typed by the user.Python reverse text code
#!/usr/bin/env python def reverse(text): reverseText = text[::-1] print(reverseText) if __name__ == "__main__": text = input("Insert your text to reverse: ") reverse(text)
To run it, use the line as follows.Running python code
$ python -m reverse_text
And the result should be like thatRunning python code
Insert your text to reverse: Sergio oigreS
7. Understanding Python runtimes
Why is important to understand Python runtimes? When we use
pyenv to set our Python version to execute the code, we need to be careful with the version we choose to be the global default.
In other words, the version defined as the global must fits with the Python’s code that we want to execute. There are some differences between Python 2 and Python 3 syntaxes, which can cause some failures during the software running.
So, always double-check your code to guarantee that you’re aligned with code and environment versions, preventing mismatch.
In this article, we learned how to install Python on Mac OS using the software pyenv, a great software to install and manage Python versions. Also, we saw the utility of Homebrew, a package manager designed for macOS to easily install third-party software.
Further, we could install pyenv and do some commands to install a Python version and set the global default to use the required Python runtime.
Finally, we wrote a simple Python code to run using our settled version and saw why is important to know the runtime to execute our code.
9. Download the source code
You can download the full source code of this example here: Install Python on Mac OS