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About Konstantina Dimtsa

Konstantina Dimtsa
Konstantina has graduated from the Department of Informatics and Telecommunications in National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA) and she is currently pursuing M.Sc studies in Advanced Information Systems at the same department. She is also working as a research associate for NKUA in the field of telecommunications. Her main interests lie in software engineering, web applications, databases and telecommunications.

ArrayList Java Example – How to use arraylist

In this example we will show how to use ArrayList in Java. The class java.util.ArrayList provides resizable-array, which means that items can be added and removed from the list. It implements the List interface.

A major question related to arraylists is about when to use arraylists instead of arrays and vice versa. An ArrayList is a dynamic data structure so it can be used when there is no upper bound on the number of elements.

From the other side, a simple Array in java is a static data structure, because the initial size of array cannot be changed, so it can be used only when the data has a known number of elements.

1. ArrayList Java Constructors

The ArrayList class supports three constructors.

  • Arraylist()This constructor builds an empty list.
  • ArrayList(Collection<? extends E> c)This constructor creates a list containing the elements of the specified collection. Note that E is the notation for the type of an element in a collection.
  • ArrayList(int initialCapacity)This constructor creates an empty list with the specified initial capacity.

For example, if you want to create an empty array list of Strings then you would do the following:

ArrayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();

If you want to create an array list with initial capacity, then you should do the following:

ArrayList<Integer> list = new ArrayList<Integer>(7);

Note that ArrayList class supports only object types and not primitive types.

2. ArrayList common methods

Here are some of the most useful ArrayList methods:

  • Adding elements to the list
    • boolean add(Element e)Adds the specified element to the end of this list.
    • void add(int index, Element e)Adds the specified element at the specified position in the list.
  • Removing elements from the list
    • void clear()Removes all the elements from the list.
    • E remove(int index)Removes the element at the specified position in the list.
    • protected void removeRange(int start, int end)Removes from the list all the elements starting from index start (included) until index end (not included).
  • Getting elements from the list
    • E get(int index)Returns the element at the specified position.
    • Object[] toArray()Returns an array containing all the elements of the list in proper sequence.
  • Setting an element
    • E set(int index, E element)Replaces the element at the specified position with the specified element.
  • Searching elements
    • boolean contains(Object o)Returns true if the specified element is found in the list.
    • int indexOf(Object o)Returns the index of the first occurrence of the specified element in the list. If this element is not in the list, the method returns -1.
    • int lastIndexOf(Object o)Returns the index of the last occurrence of the specified element in the list. If this element is not in the list, the method returns -1.
  • Iterating the arraylist
    • Iterator iterator()Returns an iterator over the elements in the list.
    • ListIterator listIterator()Returns a list iterator over the elements in this list.
  • Checking if the list is empty
    • boolean isEmpty()Returns true if the list does not contain any element.
  • Getting the size of the list
    • int size()Returns the length of the list (the number of elements contained in the list).

Those were the most commonly used methods of java.util.ArrayList. For further details for each method or for other methods that are not mentioned in this section, you can have a look at official java api.

3. Examples of using ArrayList in Java

ArrayList, LinkedList, Vector, and Stack implement the List interface.

ArrayList Java
Figure 1 ArrayList

In this step, I will create five Junit test classes to show the usages of ArrayList as well as LinkedList, Vector, and Stack.

I will include both Junit and Logback libraries in the pom.xml file.

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>jcg.zheng.demo</groupId>
	<artifactId>java-arraylist-demo</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<build>
		<sourceDirectory>src</sourceDirectory>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>3.8.0</version>
				<configuration>
					<release>11</release>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<version>4.12</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
			<artifactId>logback-access</artifactId>
			<version>1.2.3</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
			<artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
			<version>1.2.3</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
			<artifactId>logback-core</artifactId>
			<version>1.2.3</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

3.1 ListBaseTest

Create a junit class named ListBaseTest.java with the following code:

ListBaseTest.java

package jcg.zheng.demo;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertFalse;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.junit.FixMethodOrder;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runners.MethodSorters;
import org.slf4j.Logger;

@FixMethodOrder(MethodSorters.NAME_ASCENDING)
public abstract class ListBaseTest {

	protected Logger logger;

	List<String> list;

	@Test
	public void test_add() {
		// Adding items to arrayList
		list.add("new Item");
		assertEquals(5, list.size());

		// Display the contents of the array list
		logger.info("The arraylist contains the following elements: " + list);
	}

	@Test
	public void test_contains() {
		// Checking if an element is included to the list
		assertTrue(list.contains("Item1"));
		assertFalse(list.contains("Item5"));
	}

	@Test
	public void test_get() {
		assertEquals("Item1", list.get(0));
		assertEquals("Item2", list.get(1));
		assertEquals("Item3", list.get(2));
		assertEquals("Item4", list.get(3));
	}

	@Test
	public void test_getSize() {
		// Getting the size of the list
		assertEquals(4, list.size());
	}

	@Test
	public void test_indexOf() {
		// Checking index of an item
		int pos = list.indexOf("Item2");
		assertEquals(1, pos);
	}

	@Test
	public void test_isEmpty() {
		// Checking if array list is empty
		assertFalse(list.isEmpty());
	}

	@Test
	public void test_loop_arraylist_via_for() {
		// Retrieve elements from the arraylist via foreach
		logger.info("Retrieving items using foreach loop");
		for (String str : list) {
			logger.info("Item is: " + str);
		}
	}

	@Test
	public void test_loop_arraylist_via_for_2() {
		// Retrieve elements from the arraylist via loop using index and size list
		logger.info("Retrieving items with loop using index and size list");
		for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
			logger.info("Index: " + i + " - Item: " + list.get(i));
		}
	}

	@Test
	public void test_loop_arrayList_via_foreach() {
		logger.info("Retrieving items using Java 8 Stream");
		list.forEach((item) -> {
			logger.info(item);
		});
	}

	@Test
	public void test_loop_arraylist_via_iterator_for() {
		// hasNext(): returns true if there are more elements
		// next(): returns the next element
		logger.info("Retrieving items using iterator");
		for (Iterator<String> it = list.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
			logger.info("Item is: " + it.next());
		}
	}

	@Test
	public void test_loop_arraylist_via_iterator_while() {
		Iterator<String> it = list.iterator();
		logger.info("Retrieving items using iterator");
		while (it.hasNext()) {
			logger.info("Item is: " + it.next());
		}
	}

	@Test
	public void test_remove() {
		// removing the item in index 0
		list.remove(0);
		assertEquals(3, list.size());
		assertEquals("Item2", list.get(0));
		assertEquals("Item3", list.get(1));
		assertEquals("Item4", list.get(2));

		// removing the first occurrence of item "Item3"
		list.remove("Item3");
		assertEquals(2, list.size());
		assertEquals("Item2", list.get(0));
		assertEquals("Item4", list.get(1));
	}

	@Test
	public void test_replace() {
		// Replacing an element
		list.set(1, "NewItem");
		assertEquals("Item1", list.get(0));
		assertEquals("NewItem", list.get(1));
		assertEquals("Item3", list.get(2));
		assertEquals("Item4", list.get(3));
	}

	@Test
	public void test_toArray() {
		// Converting ArrayList to Array
		String[] simpleArray = list.toArray(new String[list.size()]);
		logger.info("The array created after the conversion of our arraylist is: " + Arrays.toString(simpleArray));
	}
}

In the above code, we can see that many List usage cases are covered. Adding elements to the list using two different methods, removing elements, getting the size of the list, checking if the list is empty, checking if a specific element is contained to the list. Also, five different ways are presented for retrieving the elements of a list. Finally, we show how to convert an List to Array.

3.2 ArrayListTest

Create a junit class named ArrayListTest.java.

ArrayListTest.java

package jcg.zheng.demo;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class ArrayListTest extends ListBaseTest {	

	@Before
	public void setup_list_with_4_items() {
		logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());
		
		// Creating an empty array list
		list = new ArrayList<String>();
		assertTrue(list.isEmpty());

		// Adding items to arrayList
		list.add("Item1");
		assertEquals(1, list.size());
		list.add("Item2");
		assertEquals(2, list.size());
		list.add(2, "Item3"); // add Item3 to the third position of array list
		assertEquals(3, list.size());
		list.add("Item4");
		assertEquals(4, list.size());
	}

}

Execute mvn test -Dtest=ArrayListTest and capture output.

  • Output
Running jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest
16:01:02.294 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - The arraylist contains the following elements: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4, new Item]
16:01:02.308 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Retrieving items using Java 8 Stream
16:01:02.310 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item1
16:01:02.310 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item2
16:01:02.310 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item3
16:01:02.310 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item4
16:01:02.311 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Retrieving items using foreach loop
16:01:02.315 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item1
16:01:02.315 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item2
16:01:02.315 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item3
16:01:02.315 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item4
16:01:02.318 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Retrieving items with loop using index and size list
16:01:02.352 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Index: 0 - Item: Item1
16:01:02.352 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Index: 1 - Item: Item2
16:01:02.352 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Index: 2 - Item: Item3
16:01:02.352 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Index: 3 - Item: Item4
16:01:02.353 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:01:02.354 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item1
16:01:02.354 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item2
16:01:02.354 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item3
16:01:02.354 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item4
16:01:02.356 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:01:02.357 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item1
16:01:02.358 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item2
16:01:02.358 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item3
16:01:02.358 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - Item is: Item4
16:01:02.363 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.ArrayListTest - The array created after the conversion of our arraylist is: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4]
Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.486 sec

Results :

Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time:  11.663 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2019-07-26T16:01:02-05:00
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

C:\MaryZheng\Workspaces\jdk12\java-arraylist-demo>mvn test -Dtest=ArrayListTest

As we see in the output, the results are complied with what we described in the previous section.

3.3 LinkedListTest

Create a junit class named LinkedListTest.java.

LinkedListTest.java

package jcg.zheng.demo;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

import java.util.LinkedList;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class LinkedListTest extends ListBaseTest {

	@Before
	public void setup_list_with_4_items() {
		logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());
		
		// Creating an empty linked list
		list = new LinkedList<String>();
		assertTrue(list.isEmpty());

		// Adding items to arrayList
		list.add("Item1");
		assertEquals(1, list.size());
		list.add("Item2");
		assertEquals(2, list.size());
		list.add(2, "Item3"); // add Item3 to the third position of array list
		assertEquals(3, list.size());
		list.add("Item4");
		assertEquals(4, list.size());
	}

}

Execute mvn test -Dtest=LinkedListTest and capture output.

  • Output
Running jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest
16:03:20.954 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - The arraylist contains the following elements: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4, new Item]
16:03:20.967 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Retrieving items using Java 8 Stream
16:03:20.968 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item1
16:03:20.968 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item2
16:03:20.968 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item3
16:03:20.969 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item4
16:03:20.969 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Retrieving items using foreach loop
16:03:20.970 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item1
16:03:20.971 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item2
16:03:20.971 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item3
16:03:20.971 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item4
16:03:20.976 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Retrieving items with loop using index and size list
16:03:21.015 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Index: 0 - Item: Item1
16:03:21.015 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Index: 1 - Item: Item2
16:03:21.015 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Index: 2 - Item: Item3
16:03:21.016 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Index: 3 - Item: Item4
16:03:21.017 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:03:21.017 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item1
16:03:21.018 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item2
16:03:21.018 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item3
16:03:21.018 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item4
16:03:21.020 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:03:21.022 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item1
16:03:21.022 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item2
16:03:21.022 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item3
16:03:21.022 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - Item is: Item4
16:03:21.026 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.LinkedListTest - The array created after the conversion of our arraylist is: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4]
Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.492 sec

Results :

Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time:  10.188 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2019-07-26T16:03:21-05:00
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

C:\MaryZheng\Workspaces\jdk12\java-arraylist-demo>mvn test -Dtest=LinkedListTest

3.4 VectorTest

Create a junit class named VectorTest.java.

VectorTest.java

package jcg.zheng.demo;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

import java.util.Vector;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class VectorTest extends ListBaseTest {

	@Before
	public void setup_list_with_4_items() {
		logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());
		
		// Creating an empty vector
		list = new Vector<String>();
		assertTrue(list.isEmpty());

		// Adding items to arrayList
		list.add("Item1");
		assertEquals(1, list.size());
		list.add("Item2");
		assertEquals(2, list.size());
		list.add(2, "Item3"); // add Item3 to the third position of array list
		assertEquals(3, list.size());
		list.add("Item4");
		assertEquals(4, list.size());
	}

}

Execute mvn test -Dtest=VectorTest and capture output.

  • Output
Running jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest
16:05:02.444 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - The arraylist contains the following elements: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4, new Item]
16:05:02.459 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Retrieving items using Java 8 Stream
16:05:02.465 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item1
16:05:02.466 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item2
16:05:02.466 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item3
16:05:02.467 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item4
16:05:02.469 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Retrieving items using foreach loop
16:05:02.470 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item1
16:05:02.470 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item2
16:05:02.470 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item3
16:05:02.471 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item4
16:05:02.477 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Retrieving items with loop using index and size list
16:05:02.527 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Index: 0 - Item: Item1
16:05:02.527 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Index: 1 - Item: Item2
16:05:02.528 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Index: 2 - Item: Item3
16:05:02.528 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Index: 3 - Item: Item4
16:05:02.529 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:05:02.530 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item1
16:05:02.531 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item2
16:05:02.531 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item3
16:05:02.531 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item4
16:05:02.532 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:05:02.533 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item1
16:05:02.534 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item2
16:05:02.534 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item3
16:05:02.534 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - Item is: Item4
16:05:02.537 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.VectorTest - The array created after the conversion of our arraylist is: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4]
Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.632 sec

Results :

Tests run: 14, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time:  10.325 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2019-07-26T16:05:02-05:00
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

C:\MaryZheng\Workspaces\jdk12\java-arraylist-demo>mvn test -Dtest=VectorTest

3.5 StackTest

Create a junit class named StackTest.java.

StackTest.java

package jcg.zheng.demo;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

import java.util.Stack;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class StackTest extends ListBaseTest {

	@Before
	public void setup_list_with_4_items() {
		logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());

		// Creating an empty vector
		list = new Stack<String>();
		assertTrue(list.isEmpty());

		// Adding items to arrayList
		list.add("Item1");
		assertEquals(1, list.size());
		list.add("Item2");
		assertEquals(2, list.size());
		list.add(2, "Item3"); // add Item3 to the third position of array list
		assertEquals(3, list.size());
		list.add("Item4");
		assertEquals(4, list.size());
	}

	@Test
	public void test_pop() {
		String item = ((Stack<String>) list).pop();
		assertEquals("Item4", item);
	}

	@Test
	public void test_push() {
		((Stack<String>) list).push("newValue");
		assertEquals(5, list.size());
	}

}

Execute mvn test -Dtest=StackTest and capture output.

  • Output
Running jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest
16:06:05.112 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - The arraylist contains the following elements: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4, new Item]
16:06:05.125 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Retrieving items using Java 8 Stream
16:06:05.127 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item1
16:06:05.127 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item2
16:06:05.127 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item3
16:06:05.127 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item4
16:06:05.128 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Retrieving items using foreach loop
16:06:05.129 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item1
16:06:05.129 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item2
16:06:05.129 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item3
16:06:05.129 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item4
16:06:05.130 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Retrieving items with loop using index and size list
16:06:05.185 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Index: 0 - Item: Item1
16:06:05.185 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Index: 1 - Item: Item2
16:06:05.186 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Index: 2 - Item: Item3
16:06:05.187 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Index: 3 - Item: Item4
16:06:05.191 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:06:05.195 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item1
16:06:05.197 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item2
16:06:05.198 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item3
16:06:05.198 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item4
16:06:05.200 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Retrieving items using iterator
16:06:05.201 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item1
16:06:05.202 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item2
16:06:05.202 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item3
16:06:05.202 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - Item is: Item4
16:06:05.213 [main] INFO jcg.zheng.demo.StackTest - The array created after the conversion of our arraylist is: [Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4]
Tests run: 16, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.612 sec

Results :

Tests run: 16, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time:  10.466 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2019-07-26T16:06:05-05:00
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

C:\MaryZheng\Workspaces\jdk12\java-arraylist-demo>mvn test -Dtest=StackTest

4. Summary

ArrayList is part of Java’s collection framework and implements Java’s List interface. ArrayList is used to store dynamically sized collection of elements. Vector and ArrayList both uses Array internally as data structure. The main difference is that Vector‘s methods are synchronized and ArrayList‘s methods are not synchronized. Click here for more details.

The performance differences between ArrayList and LinkedList are as the following:

Performanceremove(int idx)get(int idx)add(E ele)  Iterator.remove()Iterator.add(E ele)
ArrayList O(n)  O(1) O(1) O(n) O(n)
LinkedList O(n) O(n) O(1) when index=0 Else O(n) O(1) O(1)

5. Download the Source Code

This was an ArrayList Java example.

Download
Download the source code here: ArrayList Java Example – How to use arraylist

ArrayList Java Example was last updated on Jul. 30th, 2019

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Thanks for good information !