Theodora Fragkouli

About Theodora Fragkouli

Theodora has graduated from Computer Engineering and Informatics Department in the University of Patras. She also holds a Master degree in Economics from the National and Technical University of Athens. During her studies she has been involved with a large number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications, hardware design and analysis.

Spring ListFactoryBean, SetFactoryBean and MapFactoryBean Example

This is an example of how ListFactoryBean, SetFactoryBean and MapFactoryBean classes can be used to instantiate Lists, Sets and Maps and inject them as properties in a Spring Bean. The three classes provided by the Spring API are simple factories for shared List, Set and Map instances and allow for central setup of Lists, Sets and Maps via the <list>, <set> and <map> elements in XML bean definitions.

In order to show how these classes can be used to instantiate Collections in a Spring Bean we will create a simple Spring Bean with three properties, List, Set and Map and add the neccesary configuration in XML definitions.

Our preferred development environment is Eclipse. We are using Eclipse Juno (4.2) version, along with Maven Integration plugin version 3.1.0. You can download Eclipse from here and Maven Plugin for Eclipse from here. The installation of Maven plugin for Eclipse is out of the scope of this tutorial and will not be discussed. We are also using Spring version 3.2.3 and the JDK 7_u_21.

Let’s begin,

1. Create a new Maven project

Go to File -> Project ->Maven -> Maven Project.

New-Maven-Project

In the “Select project name and location” page of the wizard, make sure that “Create a simple project (skip archetype selection)” option is checked, hit “Next” to continue with default values.

Maven-Project-Name-Location

In the “Enter an artifact id” page of the wizard, you can define the name and main package of your project. We will set the “Group Id” variable to "com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise" and the “Artifact Id” variable to "springexample". The aforementioned selections compose the main project package as "com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise.springexample" and the project name as "springexample". Hit “Finish” to exit the wizard and to create your project.

Configure-Maven-Project

The Maven project structure is shown below:

Maven-project-structure

    It consists of the following folders:

  • /src/main/java folder, that contains source files for the dynamic content of the application,
  • /src/test/java folder contains all source files for unit tests,
  • /src/main/resources folder contains configurations files,
  • /target folder contains the compiled and packaged deliverables,
  • the pom.xml is the project object model (POM) file. The single file that contains all project related configuration.

2. Add Spring 3.2.3 dependency

  • Locate the “Properties” section at the “Overview” page of the POM editor and perform the following changes:
    Create a new property with name org.springframework.version and value 3.2.3.RELEASE.
  • Navigate to the “Dependencies” page of the POM editor and create the following dependencies (you should fill the “GroupId”, “Artifact Id” and “Version” fields of the “Dependency Details” section at that page):
    Group Id : org.springframework Artifact Id : spring-web Version : ${org.springframework.version}

Alternatively, you can add the Spring dependencies in Maven’s pom.xml file, by directly editing it at the “Pom.xml” page of the POM editor, as shown below:
 
pom.xml:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"; xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise</groupId>
	<artifactId>springexample</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<properties>
		<spring.version>3.2.3.RELEASE</spring.version>
	</properties>
</project>

As you can see Maven manages library dependencies declaratively. A local repository is created (by default under {user_home}/.m2 folder) and all required libraries are downloaded and placed there from public repositories. Furthermore intra – library dependencies are automatically resolved and manipulated.

3. Create a simple Spring Bean with Collections properties

We create a simple Spring Bean, HelloWorld, that has three properties, a Map, a Set and a List field.
 
HelloWorld.java:

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise.services;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

@SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
public class HelloWorld {
	
	private List list;

	private Set set;
	
	private Map map;

	public List getList() {
		return list;
	}

	public void setList(List list) {
		this.list = list;
	}

	public Set getSet() {
		return set;
	}

	public void setSet(Set set) {
		this.set = set;
	}

	public Map getMap() {
		return map;
	}

	public void setMap(Map map) {
		this.map = map;
	}

}

4. XML-based approach for Collections injection into Spring Bean properties, using the Spring API factory Classes

In order to add a value that belongs to one of the Spring supported Collections, we can use the <list/>, <set/> and <map/> elements inside the <property/> element. There we can define the factory beans that we will use in order to instantiate the Collections.

Note that, the definition of the ListFactoryBean class needs the sourceList that contains the values to be put in the list, and the targetListClass that is the implementation of the List that will be used. The same definition is needed in the SetFactoryBean and the MapFactoryBean.

 
ListFactoryBean example

<property name="list">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ListFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetListClass">
					<value>java.util.ArrayList</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceList">
					<list>
						<value>1</value>
						<value>2</value>
						<value>3</value>
					</list>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>

 
SetFactoryBean example

	<property name="set">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.SetFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetSetClass">
					<value>java.util.HashSet</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceSet">
					<set>
						<value>1</value>
						<value>2</value>
						<value>3</value>
					</set>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>

 
MapFactoryBean example

<property name="map">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.MapFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetMapClass">
					<value>java.util.HashMap</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceMap">
					<map>
						<entry key="Key1" value="1" />
						<entry key="Key2" value="2" />
						<entry key="Key3" value="3" />
					</map>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>

applicationContext.xml

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/task http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-3.2.xsd">

	<bean id="helloWorldBean"
		class="com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise.services.HelloWorld">
		<property name="list">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ListFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetListClass">
					<value>java.util.ArrayList</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceList">
					<list>
						<value>1</value>
						<value>2</value>
						<value>3</value>
					</list>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>
		<property name="set">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.SetFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetSetClass">
					<value>java.util.HashSet</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceSet">
					<set>
						<value>1</value>
						<value>2</value>
						<value>3</value>
					</set>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>
		<property name="map">
			<bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.MapFactoryBean">
				<property name="targetMapClass">
					<value>java.util.HashMap</value>
				</property>
				<property name="sourceMap">
					<map>
						<entry key="Key1" value="1" />
						<entry key="Key2" value="2" />
						<entry key="Key3" value="3" />
					</map>
				</property>
			</bean>
		</property>
	</bean>

</beans>

Alternatively, we can include the util schema and add the <util:list> and have the same result.

applicationContext.xml

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:jee="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:task="http://www.springframework.org/schema/task" xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee http://www.springframework.org/schema/jee/spring-jee-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/task http://www.springframework.org/schema/task/spring-task-3.2.xsd  http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-2.5.xsd">

	<bean id="helloWorldBean" class="com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise.services.HelloWorld">
		<property name="list">
		 <util:list list-class="java.util.ArrayList">
				<value>1</value>
				<value>2</value>
				<value>3</value>
			</util:list>
		</property>
		<property name="set">
			<util:set set-class="java.util.HashSet">
				<value>1</value>
				<value>2</value>
				<value>3</value>
			</util:set>
		</property>
		<property name="map">
			<util:map map-class="java.util.HashMap">
				<entry key="Key1" value="1" />
				<entry key="Key2" value="2" />
				<entry key="Key3" value="3" />
			</util:map>
		</property>
	</bean>
	</beans>

4. Run the application

In the App.class we load the helloWorldBean through the ApplicationContext , and use the fields’ getters to get the values set to the collections in applicationContext.xml.
 
App.java:

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise.services.HelloWorld;

public class App {
	
	@SuppressWarnings("resource")
	public static void main(String[] args) {
	
			ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
			
			HelloWorld hello = (HelloWorld) context.getBean("helloWorldBean");
			
			System.out.println("List: " + hello.getList());
			
			System.out.println("Set : " + hello.getSet());
			
			System.out.println("Map : " + hello.getMap());
					
	}
}

5. Output

When we execute the application, the elements contained in each collection are returned :

List: [1, 2, 3]
Set : [3, 2, 1]
Map : {Key2=2, Key1=1, Key3=3}

 
This was an example of ListFactoryBean, SetFactoryBean and MapFactoryBean use for Collections injection in Spring beans.
 
Download the Eclipse project of this tutorial : SpringCollectionsFactoryBeansExample.zip

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