Home » Core Java » String » String to Int Java Example

About Katerina Zamani

Katerina Zamani
Katerina has graduated from the Department of Informatics and Telecommunications in National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA) and she attends MSc courses in Advanced Information Systems at the same department. Currently, her main academic interests focus on web applications, mobile development, software engineering, databases and telecommunications.

String to Int Java Example

In this post, we feature a comprehensive article on how to convert in Java a String to Int. We will also see examples of the parseInt and the valueOf Java methods.

String to Integer conversion is a frequently used procedure because String and Integer are very common data types.

In this example, we are going to show two different ways of converting String to Integer in Java, by using parseInt() and valueOf() methods.

You can also check this tutorial in the following video:

String to int and int to String in Java – Video

1. Syntax of parseInt() in Java

There are two different expressions for the parseInt() Java method:

The parameters are:

  • s: is the string, that includes the integer representation we want to parse.
  • radix: is optional and it represents the base of the used numbering system while parsing s.

Both expressions return the integer value represented by the string argument. If radix parameter is used, the returned value is expressed by the specified radix. Otherwise the default radix is set to 10, for decimal system.

2. Syntax of valueOf() in Java

valueOf() method, which is utilized for string to int conversion too, can be expressed in two ways:

The parameters of valueOf() method are:

  • s: represents the parsing string.
  • radix: is the radix that is used in the parsing string. This parameter is optional.

The returned value of valueOf() method is an Integer object that represents the string argument. If the radix argument is used, the representation will be expressed by the specific radix. Otherwise, the value is a signed decimal integer.

3. Example of String to Integer Java conversion

Create a java class with the name StringToIntTest.java and paste the following code.

StringToIntTest.java:

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
package com.javacodegeeks.javabasics.stringtoint;
 
public class StringToIntTest {
     
    public static void main(String args[]) {
 
        String testString1 = "123456789";
        String testString2 = "00123";
        String errorString = "0.0123";
         
        try{
            // using Integer.parseInt
            // with radix
            int int1 = Integer.parseInt(testString1, 10);
            // default radix = 10
            int int2 = Integer.parseInt(testString2);
            System.out.println("With parseInt method, int1 = " + int1 + " and int2 = "+int2);
             
            // error situation
            int interror = Integer.parseInt(errorString);
            System.out.println("With parseInt method, interror =" + interror);
        }catch(NumberFormatException ex) {
            System.err.println("NumberFormatException in parseInt, "+ ex.getMessage());
        }
         
        try{
            // using Integer.valueOf without radix
            int int1 = Integer.valueOf(testString1);
            int int2 = Integer.valueOf(testString2);
            System.out.println("With valueOf method, int1 = " + int1 + " and int2 = " + int2);
             
            // error situation
            int interror = Integer.valueOf(errorString);
            System.out.println("With valueOf method, interror =" + interror);
        }catch(NumberFormatException ex) {
            System.err.println("NumberFormatException in valueOf, "+ ex.getMessage());
        }
 
    }
 
}

In the code above, we use both ways in order to convert a string to int and we take some different conditions. Notice that testString2 string contains two leading zeros. As you can see in the output below, both methods will ignore these zeros at the beginning and will display the integer. Also notice that we use NumberFormatException if the string cannot be parsed as an integer.

You can see the output of the execution below:

Output

With parseInt method, int1 = 123456789 and int2 = 123
NumberFormatException in parseInt, For input string: "0.0123"
With valueOf method, int1 = 123456789 and int2 = 123
NumberFormatException in valueOf, For input string: "0.0123"

As you can see it throws a NumberFormatException for the errorString, as it couldn’t be parsed to integer. Also, the leading zeros are ignored, as we said before.

4. Download the source code

This was an example of string to integer Java conversion.

Download
Download the source code of this example: String to Int Java Example

Last updated on Dec. 13th, 2019

0 0 vote
Article Rating

Do you want to know how to develop your skillset to become a Java Rockstar?

Subscribe to our newsletter to start Rocking right now!

To get you started we give you our best selling eBooks for FREE!

 

1. JPA Mini Book

2. JVM Troubleshooting Guide

3. JUnit Tutorial for Unit Testing

4. Java Annotations Tutorial

5. Java Interview Questions

6. Spring Interview Questions

7. Android UI Design

 

and many more ....

 

Receive Java & Developer job alerts in your Area

 

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
The comment form collects your name, email and content to allow us keep track of the comments placed on the website. Please read and accept our website Terms and Privacy Policy to post a comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

1 Comment
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
cavya
cavya
2 years ago

nice

1
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x