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I did my Engineering in Information Technology from IET, Lucknow, India. Currently doing MSc in Information Technology from Derby University. I have worked in Java/J2EE domain for the last 10 years. Have good understanding of Payment and Finance domains.

Java Quartz Cancel Job Example

In this article we will learn how to cancel a quartz job.

1. Introduction

Quartz is a richly featured, open-source job scheduling library that can be integrated within virtually any Java application – from the smallest stand-alone application to the largest e-commerce system. Quartz can be used to create simple or complex schedules for executing tens, hundreds, or even tens-of-thousands of jobs; jobs whose tasks are defined as standard Java components that may execute virtually anything you may program them to do.

Quartz Cancel Job

Quartz can run embedded within another free-standing application. Quartz can be instantiated within an application server (or servlet container), and participate in XA transactions. Quartz can run as a stand-alone program (within its own Java Virtual Machine), to be used via RMI. Quartz can be instantiated as a cluster of stand-alone programs (with load-balance and fail-over capabilities) for the execution of jobs.

2. Code

First, we will see how to schedule a Job. We will create a very simple job. To create a Quartz job we need to implements the org.quartz.Job interface.

ExampleJob.java

package org.javacodegeeks;

import org.quartz.Job;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;

public class ExampleJob implements Job {

    public void execute(JobExecutionContext jobExecutionContext) {
        System.out.println("Job execution started - waiting for 3 seconds");
        try {
            Thread.sleep(3000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        System.out.println("Job Completed");
    }
}

First, we need to get the Scheduler instance. For this we will make use of the getScheduler() method of SchedulerFactory the class:

SchedulerFactory schedulerFactory = new StdSchedulerFactory();
Scheduler scheduler = schedulerFactory.getScheduler();

StdSchedulerFactory is an implementation of org.quartz.SchedulerFactory that does all the work of creating QuartzScheduler instance.

Now we will create a Job instance. For this, we will make use of the org.quartz.JobBuilder:

JobDetail job = newJob(ExampleJob.class).withIdentity("MyJobName", "MyJobGroup").build();

Now we will create a Trigger instance which will execute the Job in 3 seconds:

Trigger trigger = newTrigger().withIdentity("MyTriggerName", "MyTriggerGroup").startAt(date).build();

Now we will tell quartz to schedule the job using our trigger:

scheduler.scheduleJob(job, trigger);

Now lets start the job:

scheduler.start();

2.1. Delete job

In this section we will see how to delete an existing Job. The Scheduler provides a deleteJob() method which deletes the identitfied Job from the Scheduler and any associated Triggers.

scheduler.deleteJob(job.getKey());

The method returns true if the Job was found and deleted.

DeleteJobExample.java

package org.javacodegeeks;

import org.quartz.*;
import org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory;

import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.ZoneId;
import java.util.Date;

import static org.quartz.JobBuilder.newJob;
import static org.quartz.TriggerBuilder.newTrigger;

public class DeleteJobExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        DeleteJobExample deleteJobExample = new DeleteJobExample();
        deleteJobExample.run();
    }

    private void run() {

        // First we must get a reference to a scheduler
        SchedulerFactory schedulerFactory = new StdSchedulerFactory();
        try {
            Scheduler scheduler = schedulerFactory.getScheduler();

            // define the job and tie it to our HelloJob class
            JobDetail job = newJob(ExampleJob.class).withIdentity("MyJobName", "MyJobGroup").build();

            // Trigger the job to run after 3 seconds
            Date date = Date.from(LocalDateTime.now().plusSeconds(3).atZone(ZoneId.systemDefault()).toInstant());
            Trigger trigger = newTrigger().withIdentity("MyTriggerName", "MyTriggerGroup").startAt(date).build();

            // Tell quartz to schedule the job using our trigger
            scheduler.scheduleJob(job, trigger);
            System.out.println(job.getKey() + " will run at: "+ date);

            // Start up the scheduler (nothing can actually run until the scheduler has been started)
            scheduler.start();

            System.out.println("Deleting the job" + job.getKey());
            scheduler.deleteJob(job.getKey());

            // wait long enough so that the scheduler has an opportunity to run the job!
            System.out.println("Waiting for 4 second");
            try {
                Thread.sleep(4*1000);
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }

            // Shutdown the scheduler
            scheduler.shutdown(true);

        } catch (SchedulerException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

When you will run above code you will see output as below:

MyJobGroup.MyJobName will run at: Thu Oct 01 20:58:18 BST 2020
Deleting the jobMyJobGroup.MyJobName
Waiting for 4 second

2.2 Unschedule Job

We can unschedule a Job by calling the unschedule() method of the Scheduler class and passing the TriggerKey. If the related job does not have any other triggers, and the job is not durable, then the job will also be deleted.

3. Summary

In this example, we talked about how to schedule a Quartz Job and how to delete one. We saw that there are two ways we can achieve this. The first one is by unscheduling the job. This will remove the indicated Trigger from the Scheduler. The second way is to delete the job. This also deletes any associated trigger.

4. Download the source code

That was a Java Quartz Cancel Job Example.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: Java Quartz Cancel Job Example

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