Jenkins Job

Hello there! In this tutorial, we will explore the basics of a Jenkins job, including its overview, and how to create, configure and run it.

1. Overview of Jenkins

Jenkins is a game-changing open-source automation server that makes the lives of developers easier. It allows developers to automate parts of the software development process such as building, testing and deploying code, so they can quickly catch bugs and issues early on. What’s more, with a vast range of plugins available, Jenkins can easily integrate with other tools and services, extending its functionality even further. This tool is accessible to developers of all levels, thanks to its user-friendly web-based interface and easy installation process.

1.1 Key features

Jenkins has an impressive set of features, making it a must-have tool for any development project. Here are just a few of its key features:

  • Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD): Jenkins enables developers to quickly and continuously build and test their code changes, allowing for faster feedback and more efficient collaboration.
  • Distributed Builds: Jenkins can distribute build tasks across multiple machines, improving performance and reducing build times.
  • Plugin Support: Jenkins has a large number of plugins available that can extend its functionality to perform a wide range of tasks, including integrating with other tools and services.
  • Extensibility: Jenkins is highly extensible and can be customized to meet the needs of individual teams, making it adaptable to a wide range of use cases and scenarios.
  • Easy Installation: Jenkins can be easily installed on any platform and can be set up quickly and easily.
  • Web-based Interface: Jenkins provides a user-friendly web-based interface that makes it easy to manage jobs and monitor build results.
  • Pipeline Support: Jenkins has powerful pipeline support that allows developers to define complex workflows and dependencies, streamlining the development process.
  • Automation: Jenkins can automate many tasks involved in the software development process, from building and testing to deployment and monitoring, freeing up valuable time for developers.
  • Scalability: Jenkins is highly scalable and can be used to manage large and complex software projects, so it grows with your business.
  • Open-source: Jenkins is open-source software, which means that it is free to use and can be modified and customized by anyone with programming knowledge, making it highly versatile.

1.2 Overview of Jenkins job

In Jenkins, a job is a set of instructions that tells Jenkins what to do. A job can be created to perform a wide range of tasks, including building, testing, deploying, and even sending notifications. Jobs are created using the Jenkins user interface or by defining a job configuration in a Jenkins file (A text file that describes the job configuration). A job can be configured with parameters, such as source code repository location, build triggers, build steps, and post-build actions.

When a job is triggered, Jenkins performs a series of steps to execute the job. These steps typically include checking out the source code from the repository, compiling the code, running tests, and creating a build artifact. If the job is successful, Jenkins can automatically deploy the build artifact to a production environment.

Jenkins also provides a wide range of plugins that can be used to extend the functionality of jobs. For example, there are plugins for integrating with popular build tools, such as Maven and Gradle, as well as plugins for integrating with testing frameworks, such as JUnit and Selenium. Jenkins also provides features for managing and monitoring jobs. For example, Jenkins allows users to view the status of jobs, configure job permissions, and schedule jobs to run at specific times.

Overall, Jenkins jobs provide a powerful and flexible way to automate software development and deployment processes. With its extensive plugin ecosystem and powerful job management features, Jenkins is a popular choice for organizations looking to streamline their software development and deployment workflows.

1.2.1 Creating a Jenkins job

To create a Jenkins job, follow these steps:

  • Log in to your Jenkins instance and navigate to the Jenkins home page.
  • Click on the “New Item” button on the left-hand side of the screen.
  • Enter a name for your job in the “Enter an item name” field.
  • Select the type of job you want to create. For example, if you want to create a job that builds a Maven project, select “Maven Project.”
  • Click on the “OK” button to create your job.
  • On the configuration page, configure your job settings. For example, if you’re creating a Maven project, you’ll need to specify the location of your Maven project, the goals to run, and any other build parameters.
  • Once you’ve configured your job settings, click on the “Save” button to save your job configuration.
  • You can now run your job by clicking on the “Build Now” button on the job’s main page.
  • To monitor the progress of your job, navigate to the Jenkins home page and click on the job’s name. You’ll be able to see the status of the job and any console output generated during the build process.

That’s it! You’ve now created a Jenkins job and run your first build. From here, you can configure additional build steps, add post-build actions, and integrate your job with other tools using Jenkins plugins.

1.2.2 Configure a Jenkins job

To configure a Jenkins job, follow these steps:

  • Log in to your Jenkins instance and navigate to the job’s configuration page.
  • On the configuration page, select the “Configure” option to modify the job’s settings.
  • Configure the job settings as needed. This will depend on the type of job you’re creating, but common settings include:
    • Source code repository location and branch
    • Build triggers (e.g. scheduled, manually triggered, or triggered by changes to the repository)
    • Build steps (e.g. compile code, run tests, package the application)
    • Post-build actions (e.g. deploy the application, send notifications)
  • Save your changes by clicking on the “Save” button.
  • You can now run the job by clicking on the “Build Now” button on the job’s main page.
  • To monitor the progress of your job, navigate to the Jenkins home page and click on the job’s name. You’ll be able to see the status of the job and any console output generated during the build process.
  • To further configure the job, you can use Jenkins plugins to add additional functionality. For example, you can use plugins to integrate with build tools (e.g. Maven, Gradle), testing frameworks (e.g. JUnit, Selenium), and deployment tools (e.g. AWS, Azure).
  • If you want to manage access to the job, you can configure permissions using the “Configure” option on the job’s main page.

1.2.3 Run a Jenkins job

To run a Jenkins job, you can follow these steps:

  • Login to your Jenkins instance and navigate to the job’s main page.
  • Click on the “Build Now” button to run the job.
  • Wait for the build process to complete. You can monitor the progress of the build by clicking on the job’s name and viewing the console output.
  • Once the build process is complete, you can view the build artifacts (e.g. compiled code, test reports) by navigating to the job’s build history and clicking on the build number.
  • If you encounter any issues during the build process, you can troubleshoot the issue by viewing the console output or by using Jenkins plugins to add additional logging or diagnostic information.

That is all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you with whatever you were looking for. Happy Learning and do not forget to share!

2. Summary

In conclusion, Jenkins is a powerful tool for automating software build, testing, and deployment processes. We discussed the overview of a Jenkins job, which involves creating a new job, and configuring it with various settings such as the source code repository, build triggers, build steps, and post-build actions. We also went through the steps involved in running a Jenkins job, monitoring the build process, and troubleshooting any issues that may arise. By following these steps, developers can streamline their software development processes, save time, and improve the overall quality of their software products.


An experience full-stack engineer well versed with Core Java, Spring/Springboot, MVC, Security, AOP, Frontend (Angular & React), and cloud technologies (such as AWS, GCP, Jenkins, Docker, K8).
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