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Kavitha has a Master's degree in Information Technology and a Master's degree in Business Administration. She started her career as a Junior Software Developer trainee and moved up as a Technical lead. She has been involved with projects in various domains such as CMS, IMS, android and digital TV products, applications, web services, etc. , She is mainly involved in development, design, analysis, refactoring, etc., based on Java and other technologies.

Java Print Array Example

In this post, we feature a comprehensive article about how to print a Java array.

1. Introduction

Each variable holds values, but the array variable holds multiple values of the same type. In other words, the group of similar types of data grouped under one variable is called Array.

how to print an array in java
  • You can access array values using its index.
  • An Array is ordered means it keeps its element sorted.
  • It can contain primitive data types as well as objects of the class.

You can watch the following video and learn how to use arrays in Java:

Java Array Example How to use Arrays in Java – Video

Now we will see what are all the options to print the values of arrays. Based on your needs, you can select any option. Come let’s dive into different options and examples.

2. Java Print Array Examples

2.1 Using For loop

The general form of for loop works in all java versions. Enhanced for loop introduced in java 5. If you need read-only array without modifying the values, then you can choose enhanced for loop.

Code Example1
	
	private void printUsingForLoop() {
		int[] intArray = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
		for (int i = 0; i < intArray.length; i++) {
			   System.out.print(intArray[i] + " ");
			}	
	}
	
	private void printUsingEnhancedForLoop() {
		int[] intArray = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
		for (int i : intArray) {
			   System.out.print(i + " ");
			}
	}
Output
1 2 3 4 5 

In the above code, for loop internally maintains counter and iterate using index till the last element of the array. Enhanced for traverse each element one by one and also the code is more readable. intArray[i] gives the value of the array on respective index. for (int i : intArray) iterates each value of the array. Both options will give the same output.

2.2 Using Arrays.toString

This method returns the String representation of the values of an array.Code Example2

	
	private void printStringArray() {
		String[] array = new String[] {"Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));
	}
	
	private void printIntArray() {
		int[] intArray = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
		System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));
	}
Output
[Java, Code, Geek]
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

In the above code, Arrays.toString used. Whatever array you pass to this method, it will read all the values of the array without any additional loop. Arrays.toString(intArray) gives the value of the int array and Arrays.toString(array) gives the values of String array. This option is recommended but it is available only from Java 5.

2.3 Using String.join

This method concatenates all the values of an array using delimiter.Code Example3

	
	private void printArrayUsingJoin() {
		String[] strArray = {"Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		String delimiter = " ";
		System.out.println(String.join(delimiter, strArray));
	}
Output
Java Code Geek

In the above code, String.join(delimiter, strArray) method accepts delimiter and the array, for which you want to print the values. Basically it is reading the values from the array and applying delimiter and concatenating it.

2.4 Using Arrays.deepToString

This method returns the string representation of all values of a multidimensional array.Code Example4

	
	private static void printTwoDimentionArray() {
		String[][] multiArray = new String[][] {{"Java", "Code", "Geek"}, {"Hello", "World", "Program"}};
		System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(multiArray));
		System.out.println(Arrays.toString(multiArray));
	}
Output
[[Java, Code, Geek], [Hello, World, Program]]
[[Ljava.lang.String;@15db9742, [Ljava.lang.String;@6d06d69c]

In the above code, Arrays.deepToString(multiArray) used. It will print the values of the multidimensional but Arrays.toString() will just print the object name as shown in the output. This option is recommended but it is available only from Java 5.

2.5 Using Stream

This method is available from Java 8.

  • Arrays.Stream returns a sequential Stream with the specified array as its source.
  • Stream.of() method invokes the Arrays.stream() method for non-primitive data types. It is like a wrapper for the Arrays.stream() method. This method accepts primitive as well as non-primitive data types
  • All the below code will give the same output
Code Example5
	
	private static void printUsingStreamWithForeach() {
        String[] strArray = new String[]{"Welcome", "to", "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
        Arrays.stream(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);
	}
	
	private static void printUsingAsListStreamWithForeach() {
        String[] strArray = new String[]{"Welcome", "to", "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		Arrays.asList(strArray).stream().forEach(s -> System.out.println(s));
	}
	
	private static void printUsingStreamOf() {
        String[] strArray = new String[]{"Welcome", "to", "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		Stream.of(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);
	}
Output
Welcome
to
Java
Code
Geek

In the above code, Arrays.stream(strArray) and forEach(System.out::println) are used. forEach performs against each element of the Stream. Stream.of(strArray).forEach(System.out::println) also gives the same output.

2.6 Using Stream and flatMap

This method uses the Map method and flattens the result. For Multidimensional array, you can make use of flatMapCode Example6

	
private void printUsingFlatMapForStringMultiArray() {
		String[][] multiArray = new String[][] { { "Java", "language" }, { "Hello", "World" } };
		Arrays.stream(multiArray).flatMap(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);
	}

private void printUsingFlatMapForIntMultiArray() {
		int[][] multiArray = new int[][] { { 10, 20 }, { 30, 40 } };
		Arrays.stream(multiArray).flatMapToInt(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);

	}
Output
Java
language
Hello
World
10
20
30
40

In the above code,Arrays.stream(multiArray).flatMap accepts the multidimensional array and the flatMap method used along with the lambda expression to print each element.flatMapToInt method is used to accept the integer array.

2.7 Using Arrays.asList

Arrays have the feature to convert the String array to the list.Code Example7

	
	private static void printArrayUsingasList() {
              String[] strArray = { "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
	      List listArray = Arrays.asList(strArray );
	      System.out.println(listArray);
	}
Output
[Java, Code, Geek]

In the above code, Arrays.asList(strArray) converted the String array into List and used println to print the values of the array. It is one of the easiest way but unwantedly conversion occurs so it is not much recommended

2.8 Using GSON library

GSON is the open-source java library used to serialize/deserialize the java objects from/to JSON. Prerequisite is gson-2.8.2.jarCode Example8

	
	private void printUsingGson() {
		String[] strArray = { "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		Gson gson = new Gson();
		System.out.println(gson.toJson(strArray));
	}
Output
["Java","Code","Geek"]

In the above code, I used the Gson method gson.toJson(strArray) to get the array values. If your project is already using this library then it is wise to use this option to print the arrays..

2.9 Using Jackson library

Jackson is the open-source java library used to process the JSON.

Prerequisite is

  • jackson-annotations-2.10.0.pr3.jar
  • jackson-core-2.10.0.pr3.jar
  • jackson-databind-2.10.0.pr3.jar
Code Example9
	
	private void printUsingJackson() throws JsonProcessingException {
		String[] strArray = { "Java", "Code", "Geek"};
		ObjectWriter objwriter = new ObjectMapper().writer().withDefaultPrettyPrinter();
	System.out.println(objwriter.writeValueAsString(strArray));
	}
Output
[ "Java", "Code", "Geek" ]

In the above code, ObjectWriter objwriter = new ObjectMapper().writer().withDefaultPrettyPrinter(); methods used from the Jackson library. objwriter.writeValueAsString(strArray) gives the value in string representation. In a same way, you can use any type of data.

2.10 Using StringBuilder

StringBuilder will append the string and insert it to accept data of any type. It is also one of the options to print the array with the help of for loop.Code Example10

	
	private static void printArrayUsingStringBuilder() {
		boolean flag = true;
		StringBuilder strBuilder = new StringBuilder();
		String[] strArray = new String[] { "Java", "Code", "Geek" };
		for (String eachString : strArray) {
			if (!flag)
				strBuilder.append(' ');

			strBuilder.append(eachString);
			flag = false;
		}
		System.out.println(strBuilder.toString());
	}
Output
Java Code Geek

In the above code, StringBuilder used to build the String along with for loop. strBuilder.toString() method returns all the appended values of the array.

3. Conclusion

This article listed out all the possible options to print the java array. According to me, the best option is Arrays.toString() for single dimension array and Arrays.deepToString() for multi-dimensional array. Hope this article helps you !!!

4. Download the Source Code

This was an example of printing the Java array in 10 different options.
Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: Java Print Array Example

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