Compress a File in GZIP format in Java

In this tutorial we are going to see how you can compress a File in Java using the GZIP compression method.

So, to perform File compression using GZIP in Java, you have to:

  • Create a FileOutputStream to the destination file, that is the file path to the output compressed file.
  • Create a GZIPOutputStream to the above FileOutputStream.
  • Create a FileInputStream to the file you want to compress
  • Read the bytes from the source file and compress them using GZIPOutputStream.

Let’s take a look at the code snippet that follows:



public class CompressFileGzip {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		String source_filepath = "C:\\Users\\nikos7\\Desktop\\files\\test.txt";
		String destinaton_zip_filepath = "C:\\Users\\nikos7\\Desktop\\files\\test.gzip";

		CompressFileGzip gZipFile = new CompressFileGzip();
		gZipFile.gzipFile(source_filepath, destinaton_zip_filepath);

	public void gzipFile(String source_filepath, String destinaton_zip_filepath) {

		byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];

		try {
			FileOutputStream fileOutputStream =new FileOutputStream(destinaton_zip_filepath);

			GZIPOutputStream gzipOuputStream = new GZIPOutputStream(fileOutputStream);

			FileInputStream fileInput = new FileInputStream(source_filepath);

			int bytes_read;
			while ((bytes_read = > 0) {
				gzipOuputStream.write(buffer, 0, bytes_read);



			System.out.println("The file was compressed successfully!");

		} catch (IOException ex) {



The file was compressed successfully!

This was an example on how to compress files in Java with the GZIP method.

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Byron Kiourtzoglou

Byron is a master software engineer working in the IT and Telecom domains. He is an applications developer in a wide variety of applications/services. He is currently acting as the team leader and technical architect for a proprietary service creation and integration platform for both the IT and Telecom industries in addition to a in-house big data real-time analytics solution. He is always fascinated by SOA, middleware services and mobile development. Byron is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.
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