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Shaik Ashish
He completed his Bachelors Degree in Computer Applications. He is a freelancer, writer, Microsoft Certified in Python and Java. He enjoys Writing, Teaching, Coding in Java and Python, Learning New Technologies and Music.

How to initialize an ArrayList in Java

In this article we will explain how to initialize an ArrayList in Java through example.

1. Introduction

ArrayList is a part of the Collection Framework and is present in java.util package. It provides us dynamic arrays in Java. Though, it may be slower than standard arrays but can be helpful in programs where lots of manipulation in the array is needed.

initialize ArrayList Java
  • ArrayList inherits the AbstractList class and implements the List interface.
  • ArrayList is initialized by size, however, the size can increase if collection grows or shrunk if objects are removed from the collection.
  • Java ArrayList allows us to randomly access the list.
  • ArrayList can not be used for primitive types, like int, char, etc. We need a wrapper class for such cases (see this for details).
  • ArrayList in Java can be seen as similar to a vector in C++.

You can also check our video on How to use ArrayList:

ArrayList Java Example: How to use ArrayList – Video

An ArrayList is a dynamically sized array, we do not have to specify the size while creating it. We can dynamically add and remove items. It automatically resizes itself.

2. Ways to Initialize an ArrayList in Java

In the above section, we have understood an ArrayList. Now let us see, how we can initialize an ArrayList. We can initialize an ArrayList using add() method, asList() method, List.of() method, and using another collection. Let us get into each way programmatically and understand in detail.

2.1 Initialization with add()

In this way, we use add() method to initialize an ArrayList. The following coding example illustrates the initialization of an ArrayList using add() method.

// Java code to illustrate initialization 
// of ArrayList using add() method 
  
import java.util.*; 
  
 public class Example1{ 
    public static void main(String args[]) {
  
        // create a ArrayList String type 
        ArrayList<String> al = new ArrayList<String>(); 
  
        // Initialize an ArrayList with add() 
        al.add("Java"); 
        al.add("Code"); 
        al.add("Geeks"); 
  
        // print ArrayList 
        System.out.println("ArrayList : " + al); 
    } 
} 
Output
ArrayList : [Java, Code, Geeks]

2.2 Initialization using asList()

In this way, we use asList() method to initialize an ArrayList. The following coding example illustrates the initialization of an ArrayList using asList() method.

// Java code to illustrate initialization 
// of ArrayList using asList method 
  
import java.util.*; 
  
 public class Example2 { 
    public static void main(String args[]) {
  
        // create a ArrayList String type 
        // and Initialize an ArrayList with asList() 
        ArrayList<String> al = new ArrayList<String>( 
            Arrays.asList("Java", 
                          "Code", 
                          "Geeks")); 
  
        // print ArrayList 
        System.out.println("ArrayList : " + al); 
    } 
} 
Output
ArrayList : [Java, Code, Geeks]

2.3. Initialization using List.of() method

In this way, we use List.of() method to initialize an ArrayList. The following coding example illustrates the initialization of an ArrayList using List.of() method.

// Java code to illustrate initialization 
// of ArrayList using List.of() method 
  
import java.util.*; 
  
 public class Example3 { 
    public static void main(String args[]) { 
  
        // create a ArrayList String type 
        // and Initialize an ArrayList with List.of() 
        List<String> al = new ArrayList<>( 
            List.of("Java", 
                    "Code", 
                    "Geeks")); 
  
        // print ArrayList 
        System.out.println("ArrayList : " + al); 
    } 
} 
Output
ArrayList : [Java, Code, Geeks]

Note: To execute this program, use Java 9 or above versions.

2.4 Initialization using another Collection

In this way, we use some collection to initialize an ArrayList. The following coding example illustrates the initialization of an ArrayList using a collection.

import java.util.*; 
  
public class Example4 { 
    public static void main(String args[]) 
    { 
  
        // create another collection 
        List<Integer> arr = new ArrayList<>(); 
        arr.add(1); 
        arr.add(2); 
        arr.add(3); 
        arr.add(4); 
        arr.add(5); 
  
        // create a ArrayList Integer type 
        // and Initialize an ArrayList with arr 
        List<Integer> al = new ArrayList<Integer>(arr); 
  
        // print ArrayList 
        System.out.println("ArrayList : " + al); 
    } 
} 
Output
ArrayList : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

3. Download the Source Code

That was an example on how to initialize an ArrayList in Java.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: How to initialize an ArrayList in Java

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Pranav Wagde
19 days ago

Good Article