Core Java

Getting Record Fields and Values with Reflection

1. Overview

In the ever-evolving landscape of Java programming, mastering reflection is a crucial skill. Reflection empowers developers to dynamically inspect and manipulate classes, interfaces, fields, and methods at runtime. With the introduction of records in Java 14, the need to efficiently retrieve record fields and their values has become increasingly important. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore advanced techniques for leveraging reflection to accomplish this task seamlessly.

2. Unlocking Record Fields and Values with RecordComponent

Records, a feature introduced in Java 14, provide a concise syntax for declaring classes that are primarily used as immutable data containers. One of the most significant advantages of records is their automatic generation of accessor methods for their components, known as RecordComponent. This makes it straightforward to retrieve the values of record fields programmatically using reflection.

Using RecordComponent, developers can dynamically access and manipulate the fields of records without the need for boilerplate code. Let’s dive into a detailed example demonstrating how to utilize RecordComponent to retrieve record fields and their values:

public class RecordReflectionExample {
    record Person(String name, int age) {}

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Person person = new Person("John Doe", 30);

        for (var component : person.getClass().getRecordComponents()) {
            try {
                var value = component.getAccessor().invoke(person);
                System.out.println(component.getName() + ": " + value);
            } catch (Exception e) {

This code snippet illustrates how to iterate over the RecordComponent instances of a record class and retrieve their corresponding values using reflection.

3. Unlocking Record Fields and Values with Class.getDeclaredFields()

While RecordComponent provides a convenient way to access record fields, developers may encounter scenarios where they need to work with traditional classes that are not records. In such cases, the getDeclaredFields() method from the Class class can be utilized to retrieve all fields along with their values programmatically.

import java.lang.reflect.Field;

public class FieldReflectionExample {
    static class Person {
        String name;
        int age;

        public Person(String name, int age) {
   = name;
            this.age = age;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Person person = new Person("Jane Doe", 25);

        for (Field field : person.getClass().getDeclaredFields()) {
            field.setAccessible(true); // Ensure private fields are accessible
            try {
                Object value = field.get(person);
                System.out.println(field.getName() + ": " + value);
            } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {

In this example, we demonstrate how to use getDeclaredFields() to retrieve all fields of a regular class MyClass and print their values.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, mastering Java reflection is essential for developers seeking to unlock the full potential of the language. Whether working with records or traditional classes, reflection provides powerful capabilities for dynamic introspection of data structures. By understanding and applying the techniques presented in this guide, developers can streamline their code and enhance the flexibility of their Java applications.

Ashraf Sarhan

Ashraf Sarhan is a passionate software engineer, an open source enthusiast, has a Bsc. degree in Computer and Information Systems from Alexandria University. He is experienced in building large, scalable and distributed enterprise applications/service in multiple domains. He also has a keen interest in JavaEE, SOA, Agile and Big Data technologies.
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