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Yatin
The author is graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a significant number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a technical lead in the information technology sector where he is primarily involved with projects based on Java/J2EE technologies platform and novel UI technologies.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions Example

Welcome readers, in this tutorial, we will explore the pointcut expressions of the spring aop module.

1. Introduction

  • Spring Boot is a module that provides rapid application development feature to the spring framework including auto-configuration, standalone-code, and production-ready code
  • It creates applications that are packaged as jar and are directly started using embedded servlet container (such as Tomcat, Jetty or Undertow). Thus, no need to deploy the war files
  • It simplifies the maven configuration by providing the starter template and helps to resolve the dependency conflicts. It automatically identifies the required dependencies and imports them in the application
  • It helps in removing the boilerplate code, extra annotations, and xml configurations
  • It provides a powerful batch processing and manages the rest endpoints
  • It provides an efficient jpa-starter library to effectively connect the application with the relational databases

1.1 Pointcut expressions in Spring AOP

A pointcut expression in spring aop is a set of one or more join-points where advices should be executed. The pointcut expression in spring aop is represented as.

Syntax

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execution(access_specifier package_name class_name method_name(argument_list))

Here, access_specifier, package_name, class_name, and method_name can be specified more specifically or can be specified as “*” indicating the wildcard matching. To understand this better, consider the following pointcut expressions.

Sample Pointcut expressions

1
2
3
@PointCut("execution(* com.javacodegeek.*.*(..))")
 
@PointCut("execution(* com.javacodegeek.Authors.getAuthorName(..))")

To understand the above concept, let us open the eclipse ide and implement a pointcut expression in the spring aop module using spring boot.

2. Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions Example

Here is a systematic guide for implementing this tutorial.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Eclipse Kepler SR2, JDK 8, and Maven.

2.2 Project Structure

In case you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder, let us review the project structure of the spring boot application.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions - Application Structure
Fig. 1: Application Structure

2.3 Project Creation

This section will demonstrate how to create a Java-based Maven project with Eclipse. In Eclipse IDE, go to File -> New -> Maven Project.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions - Maven Project
Fig. 2: Create a Maven Project

In the New Maven Project window, it will ask you to select a project location. By default, ‘Use default workspace location’ will be selected. Select the ‘Create a simple project (skip archetype selection)’ checkbox and just click on the next button to proceed.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions - Project Details
Fig. 3: Project Details

It will ask you to ‘Enter the group and the artifact id for the project’. We will input the details as shown in the below image. The version number will be by default: 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions - Archetype Parameters
Fig. 4: Archetype Parameters

Click on Finish and the creation of a maven project is completed. If you observe, it has downloaded the maven dependencies and a pom.xml file will be created. It will have the following code:

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts</groupId>
	<artifactId>Springaoppointcutstutorial</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
</project>

We can start adding the dependency that developers want like spring boot, aop etc. Let us start building the application!

3. Creating a Spring Boot application

Below are the steps involved in developing the application.

3.1 Maven Dependency

Here, we specify the dependency for the spring boot and aop. Maven will automatically resolve the other dependencies. The updated file will have the following code.

pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts</groupId>
	<artifactId>Springaoppointcutstutorial</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

	<name>Spring aop pointcut expressions tutorial</name>
	<description>A tutorial to explain the spring aop pointcut expressions in the spring framework</description>

	<!-- spring boot parent dependency jar. -->
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>2.1.1.RELEASE</version>
	</parent>

	<dependencies>
		<!-- spring boot jar. -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<!-- to implement aop in a spring boot application. -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-aop</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
	<build>
		<finalName>Springaoppointcutstutorial</finalName>
	</build>
</project>

3.2 Java Classes

Following classes are required to understand the pointcut expressions.

3.2.1 Employee Model class

Let us write a model class that has two member variables. This class is annotated with the @Component annotation.

Myemployee.java

package com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts.model;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class Myemployee {

	// Dummy values for an employee!
	private int id = 1001;
	private String name = "Javacodegeek";

	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
}

3.2.2 Employee Aspect class

Let us write the aspect class where we will define a pointcut expression to meet the cross-cutting concern of our application. This class is annotated with @Aspect and @Component annotations.

Myemployeeaspect.java

package com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts.aspects;

import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Before;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

// @Aspect annotation enables the spring aop functionality in an application. Tells the developer that this class has advice methods.
@Aspect
@Component
public class Myemployeeaspect {

	// Pointcut definition to display all the available methods i.e. the advice will be called for all the methods.
	@Pointcut(value= "execution(* com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts.model.Myemployee.*(..))")
	private void displayEmployee(){ }

	// Method is executed before a selected method execution.
	@Before(value= "displayEmployee()")
	public void beforeAdvice(){
		System.out.println("Fetching employee profile details !!!");
	}  
}

3.2.3 Implementation/Main Class

Let us write the implementation/main class involved in this application. This class is the entry point of the spring boot application containing @SpringBootApplication, @EnableAspectJAutoProxy annotations, and the static main method.

Myapplication.java

package com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.EnableAspectJAutoProxy;

import com.ducat.springboot.aop.pointcuts.model.Myemployee;

@SpringBootApplication

// @EnableAspectJAutoProxy annotation enables support for handling the components marked with @Aspect annotation. It is similar to <aop:aspectj-autoproxy> tag in the xml configuration.
@EnableAspectJAutoProxy
public class Myapplication {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		ConfigurableApplicationContext context = SpringApplication.run(Myapplication.class, args);

		// Fetching the employee object from the application context.
		Myemployee myemployee = context.getBean(Myemployee.class);

		// Display employee details.
		System.out.println("Employee id= " + myemployee.getId());

		System.out.println("Employee name= " + myemployee.getName());

		// Closing the context object.
		context.close();
	}
}

4. Run the Application

To execute the application, right click on the Myapplication.java class, Run As -> Java Application.

Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions - Run the Application
Fig. 5: Run the Application

5. Project Demo

The code shows the following logs as the output of this tutorial.

2019-02-07 21:29:02.124  INFO 4512 --- [           main] c.d.s.aop.pointcuts.Myapplication        : Started Myapplication in 1.627 seconds (JVM running for 2.322)

Fetching employee profile details !!!
Employee id= 1001
Fetching employee profile details !!!
Employee name= Javacodegeek

That is all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you whatever you were looking for. Happy Learning and do not forget to share!

6. Conclusion

In this section, developers learned how to create a simple spring aop application. That is all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you whatever you were looking for. Happy Learning and do not forget to share!

Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

7. Download the Eclipse Project

This was an example of pointcut expressions in the spring aop module.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: Spring AOP Pointcut Expressions Example
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