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About Byron Kiourtzoglou

Byron Kiourtzoglou
Byron is a master software engineer working in the IT and Telecom domains. He is an applications developer in a wide variety of applications/services. He is currently acting as the team leader and technical architect for a proprietary service creation and integration platform for both the IT and Telecom industries in addition to a in-house big data real-time analytics solution. He is always fascinated by SOA, middleware services and mobile development. Byron is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.

Set column name and length

In this example we shall show you how to set the column name and length in an entity field in JPA. The Java Persistence API provides Java developers with an object/relational mapping facility for managing relational data in Java applications.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Here, we are using JPA to set the column name and length in an entity field, as shown below:

The SetColumnNameAndLength class

In SetColumnNameAndLength we create an EntityManagerFactory interface to interact with the entity manager factory for MyPeristenceUnit, that is defined in persistence.xml file. We create an EntityManager, using the createEntityManager() API method. Then, we create new Employee objects. The new objects are written to the database, using the persist(java.lang.Object entity) API method of EntityManager. The getTransaction().begin() and getTransaction().commit() methods are used before and after the EntityManager invokes a method so that a transaction begins and ends. An Employee object can be retrieved using the find(java.lang.Class<T> entityClass, java.lang.Object primaryKey) API method of EntityManager.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.persistence.Persistence;

public class SetColumnNameAndLength {
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("MyPersistenceUnit");
		
		EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
		
		em.getTransaction().begin();
		
		Employee employee = new Employee();
		employee.setName("Jack");
		employee.setSurname("Thomson");
		employee.setTitle("QA Engineer");
		employee.setCreated(new Date());
		
		em.persist(employee);
		
		long employeeId = employee.getId();
		
		em.getTransaction().commit();
		
		em.getTransaction().begin();
		
		Employee dbEmployee = em.find(Employee.class, employeeId);
		
		System.out.println(dbEmployee);
		
		em.getTransaction().commit();
		
		em.close();
	    emf.close();

	}

}

Employee Class

The Employee class is an entity class, annotated with the javax.persistence.Entity annotation. It uses the @Id annotation to define its id property, and the @GeneratedValue annotation with strategy set to GenerationType.AUTO so that the id gets auto-generated values. It uses the @Column annotation to define the column name and the length of the column values.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Entity
public class Employee {
	
	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
	private Long id;
	
	@Column(name="employee_name", length=50)
    private String name;
   
	@Column(name="employee_surname", length=50)
    private String surname;
    
	@Column(name="employee_title", length=50)
    private String title;
    
	@Column(name="date_created")
    private Date created;
    
	public Long getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(Long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	public String getSurname() {
		return surname;
	}
	public void setSurname(String surname) {
		this.surname = surname;
	}
	
	public String getTitle() {
		return title;
	}
	public void setTitle(String title) {
		this.title = title;
	}
	
	public Date getCreated() {
		return created;
	}
	public void setCreated(Date created) {
		this.created = created;
	}
	
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Employee [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", surname=" + surname
				+ ", title=" + title + "]";
	}

}

persistence.xml

<persistence xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
	
	<persistence-unit name="MyPersistenceUnit" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
		<provider>org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence</provider>
		<properties>
			<property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect" />
			<property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="update" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.password" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost/companydb" />
		</properties>
	</persistence-unit>
	
</persistence>
CREATE TABLE  `companydb`.`employee` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `date_created` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  `employee_name` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL,
  `employee_surname` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL,
  `employee_title` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

 
This was an example of how to set the column name and length in an entity field in JPA.

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