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About Ilias Tsagklis

Ilias Tsagklis
Ilias is a software developer turned online entrepreneur. He is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.

Get single object in JPA

With this example we are going to demonstrate how to get a single object in JPA. The Java Persistence API provides Java developers with an object/relational mapping facility for managing relational data in Java applications.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Here, we are using JPA to retrieve a single object from the database, as shown below:

The GetSingleObjectInJPA class

In GetSingleObjectInJPA we create an EntityManagerFactory interface to interact with the entity manager factory for MyPeristenceUnit, that is defined in persistence.xml file. We create an EntityManager, using the createEntityManager() API method. Then, we create new Employee objects. The new objects are written to the database, using the persist(java.lang.Object entity) API method of EntityManager. The getTransaction().begin() and getTransaction().commit() methods are used before and after the EntityManager invokes a method so that a transaction begins and ends. An Employee object can be retrieved, using the createQuery(String qlString) API method of EntityManager, with an sql String query to get a specified employee. Using the setParameter(int position, java.lang.Object value) method of Query we bind an argument to a positional parameter. Then, using the getSingleResult() of Query to execute a SELECT query that returns a single untyped result.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.persistence.Persistence;
import javax.persistence.Query;

public class GetSingleObjectInJPA {
	
	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("MyPersistenceUnit");
		
		EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
		
		// create the employees
		
		em.getTransaction().begin();
		
		for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
			Employee employee = new Employee();
			employee.setName("employe_"+i);
			employee.setSurname("surname_"+i);
			employee.setTitle("Engineer_"+i);
			employee.setCreated(new Date());
			em.persist(employee);
		}
		
		em.getTransaction().commit();
		
		// retrieve the employees
		
		long employeeId = 2;
		
		em.getTransaction().begin();
		
		Query query = em.createQuery("SELECT e FROM Employee e where id=?1");
		query.setParameter(1, employeeId);
		
		Employee employee = (Employee) query.getSingleResult();
		System.out.println("Found: " + employee);
		
		em.getTransaction().commit();
		
		em.close();
	    emf.close();

	}
	
}

Employee Class

The Employee class is an entity class, annotated with the javax.persistence.Entity annotation. It uses the @Id annotation to define its id property, and the @GeneratedValue annotation with strategy set to GenerationType.AUTO so that the id gets auto-generated values.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Entity
public class Employee {
	
	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
	private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String surname;
    private String title;
    private Date created;
    
	public Long getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(Long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	public String getSurname() {
		return surname;
	}
	public void setSurname(String surname) {
		this.surname = surname;
	}
	
	public String getTitle() {
		return title;
	}
	public void setTitle(String title) {
		this.title = title;
	}
	
	public Date getCreated() {
		return created;
	}
	public void setCreated(Date created) {
		this.created = created;
	}
	
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Employee [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", surname=" + surname
				+ ", title=" + title + "]";
	}

}

persistence.xml

<persistence xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
	
	<persistence-unit name="MyPersistenceUnit" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
		<provider>org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence</provider>
		<properties>
			<property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect" />
			<property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="update" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.password" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost/companydb" />
		</properties>
	</persistence-unit>
	
</persistence>

Output:

Found: Employee [id=2, name=employe_1, surname=surname_1, title=Engineer_1]

 
This was an example of how to get a single object in JPA.

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