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About Ilias Tsagklis

Ilias Tsagklis
Ilias is a software developer turned online entrepreneur. He is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.

Find by id in JPA

In this example we shall show you how to find an object by id in JPA. The Java Persistence API provides Java developers with an object/relational mapping facility for managing relational data in Java applications.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Here, we are using JPA to retrieve an object by id, as shown below:

The FindByIdInJPA class

In FindByIdInJPA we create an EntityManagerFactory interface to interact with the entity manager factory for MyPeristenceUnit, that is defined in persistence.xml file. We create an EntityManager, using the createEntityManager() API method. The getTransaction().begin() and getTransaction().commit() methods are used before and after the EntityManager invokes a method so that a transaction begins and ends. An Employee object can be retrieved using the find(java.lang.Class<T> entityClass, java.lang.Object primaryKey) API method of EntityManager.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.persistence.Persistence;

public class FindByIdInJPA {
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("MyPersistenceUnit");
		
		EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();
		
		em.getTransaction().begin();
		
		long employeeId = 1;
		
		Employee employee = em.find(Employee.class, employeeId);
		
		System.out.println("Found: " + employee);
		
		em.getTransaction().commit();
		
		em.close();
	    emf.close();

	}

}

Employee Class

The Employee class is an entity class, annotated with the javax.persistence.Entity annotation. It uses the @Id annotation to define its id property, and the @GeneratedValue annotation with strategy set to GenerationType.AUTO so that the id gets auto-generated values.

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.enterprise;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Entity
public class Employee {
	
	@Id
	@GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
	private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String surname;
    private String title;
    private Date created;
    
	public Long getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(Long id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	
	public String getSurname() {
		return surname;
	}
	public void setSurname(String surname) {
		this.surname = surname;
	}
	
	public String getTitle() {
		return title;
	}
	public void setTitle(String title) {
		this.title = title;
	}
	
	public Date getCreated() {
		return created;
	}
	public void setCreated(Date created) {
		this.created = created;
	}
	
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Employee [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", surname=" + surname
				+ ", title=" + title + "]";
	}

}

persistence.xml

<persistence xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence_2_0.xsd"
    version="2.0">
	
	<persistence-unit name="MyPersistenceUnit" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
		<provider>org.hibernate.ejb.HibernatePersistence</provider>
		<properties>
			<property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5InnoDBDialect" />
			<property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="update" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.password" value="jcg" />
			<property name="hibernate.connection.url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost/companydb" />
		</properties>
	</persistence-unit>
	
</persistence>

Output:

Found: Employee [id=1, name=Jack, surname=Thomson, title=QA Engineer]

 
This was an example of how to find an object by id in JPA.

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