Home » Core Java » util » concurrent » CountDownLatch » java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch Example

About Anirudh Bhatnagar

Anirudh Bhatnagar
Anirudh is a Java programmer with extensive experience in building Java/J2EE applications. He has always been fascinated by the new technologies and emerging trends in software development. He has been involved in propagating these changes and new technologies in his projects. He is an avid blogger and agile enthusiast who believes in writing clean and well tested code.

java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch Example

In this example we will see how and when to use java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch CountDownLatch is used in synchronisation to allow one or more threads to wait until a set of operations being performed in other threads completes.

For Example, it can be used when a Thread has to wait until few dependent threads have started. CountDownLatch is initialised with a given count. This count is decremented by calls to the countDown() method. Each Thread on whose completion the main Thread is waiting will call countDown() method and decrease the count. Once all such threads are executed the count will become 0 and then the waiting main thread can start its execution.

Lets see its working in an example:

JavaCountDownLatchExample.java

package com.jcg.example;

import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;

/**
 * 
 * @author anirudh
 *
 */
public class JavaCountDownLatchExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		// intialising count down latch by 2, as it will wait for 2 threads to
		// finish execution
		final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(2);

		// making two threads for 2 services
		Thread serviceOneThread = new Thread(new ServiceOne(latch));
		Thread serviceTwoThread = new Thread(new ServiceTwo(latch));

		serviceOneThread.start();
		serviceTwoThread.start();

		// latch waits till the count becomes 0
		// this way we can make sure that the execution of main thread only
		// finishes ones 2 services have executed
		try {
			latch.await();
			System.out.println("Starting main Thread!!!");
		} catch (InterruptedException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

	}

}

Output:

started service Two
Started service One
Starting main Thread!!!

As we can see in the output that the main thread’s execution waited until service One and Service Two Threads have been completed.

Let us also see the code for ServiceOne and ServiceTwo classes :

ServiceOne.java

package com.jcg.example;

import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;

/**
 * 
 * @author anirudh
 *
 */
public class ServiceOne implements Runnable{
	
	private final CountDownLatch latch;
	
	

	public ServiceOne(CountDownLatch latch) {
		this.latch = latch;
	}



	@Override
	public void run() {
		System.out.println("Started service One");
		//reduce count of Count Down Latch by 1.
		latch.countDown();
		
	}

}

ServiceTwo.java

package com.jcg.example;

import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;

/**
 * 
 * @author anirudh
 *
 */
public class ServiceTwo implements Runnable{
	
	private final CountDownLatch latch;

	public ServiceTwo(CountDownLatch latch) {
		this.latch = latch;
	}



	@Override
	public void run() {
		System.out.println("started service Two");
		latch.countDown();
		
	}

}

In the example above we saw how we can use CountDownLatch to make sure that a thread stays in wait state until other threads have finished execution.

Download Source Code

So, In this example we saw how we can use CountDownLatch in Java.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here : JavaCountDownLatchExample.zip
(No Ratings Yet)
Start the discussion Views Tweet it!

Do you want to know how to develop your skillset to become a Java Rockstar?

Subscribe to our newsletter to start Rocking right now!

To get you started we give you our best selling eBooks for FREE!

 

1. JPA Mini Book

2. JVM Troubleshooting Guide

3. JUnit Tutorial for Unit Testing

4. Java Annotations Tutorial

5. Java Interview Questions

6. Spring Interview Questions

7. Android UI Design

 

and many more ....

 

Receive Java & Developer job alerts in your Area

 

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of