Home » Core Java » rmi » RemoteException » java.rmi.RemoteException – How to solve RemoteException

About Nikos Maravitsas

Nikos Maravitsas
Nikos has graduated from the Department of Informatics and Telecommunications of The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. During his studies he discovered his interests about software development and he has successfully completed numerous assignments in a variety of fields. Currently, his main interests are system’s security, parallel systems, artificial intelligence, operating systems, system programming, telecommunications, web applications, human – machine interaction and mobile development.

java.rmi.RemoteException – How to solve RemoteException

In this example we are going to talk about java.rmi.RemoteException. This the most general checked exception that may occur during the lookup or the execution of a Remote Procedure Call (RPC). As might you know, Java provides a very convenient API that enables you to create remote servers that can host Remote Procedure Cal services, as well as clients that can easily consumed these services. All of these infrastracture is provided by the Java RMI package.

If you are familiar with Web Services or the SOAP protocol, you should be already acquainted with the notion of Remote Method calls, as the follow the same principles. One could say that a Web Service is basically RPC over the Web.
 

1. A simple RMI Application

In this example were are not going to dive deep into the RMI package, but we are going to create a simple RMI application in order to demonstrate java.rmi.RemoteException. This application will have a simple RMI server that provides an implementation of a remote method, as well as a client that can remotely call that method. Let’s go through the code.

First of all you need to create a remote interface. This is the interface that make the communication between the client and the server possible. The servers exposes concrete implementations of the methods in that interface. On the other side, the clients uses that interface to invoke the remote procedures provided by the server.

RemoteInterface .java:

package com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface;

import java.rmi.Remote;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;

public interface RemoteInterface extends Remote{
	public String capitalize(String str) throws RemoteException;
}

Here is also a configuration class (mostly for convenience) :

Configuration.java:

package com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface;

public class Configuration {
	
	public static final int REMOTE_PORT = 8888;
	public static final String REMOTE_ID = "RMI_EXAMPLE";
	public static final String REMOTE_HOST = "localhost";

}

OK now let’s go to the server side. Remember that the server has to provide a concrete implementation of RemoteInterface:

RMIImplementation.java:

package com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.remoteserver;

import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.server.UnicastRemoteObject;

import com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface.RemoteInterface;

public class RMIImplementation extends UnicastRemoteObject implements RemoteInterface{

	
	protected RMIImplementation() throws RemoteException {
		super();
	}

	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

	@Override
	public String capitalize(String str) throws RemoteException {
		return str.toUpperCase();
	}

}

And now it has to expose this capitalize implementation to the public:

RemoteServer.java :

package com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.remoteserver;

import java.rmi.AlreadyBoundException;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.registry.Registry;

import com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface.Configuration;

public class RemoteServer {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws RemoteException, AlreadyBoundException {
		
		RMIImplementation rmiImplementation = new RMIImplementation();
		Registry registry = LocateRegistry.createRegistry(Configuration.REMOTE_PORT);
		registry.bind(Configuration.REMOTE_ID, rmiImplementation);
	}
}

On on the client side, the client has to connect to the server an simply look up the method it wants.

RemoteClient.java:

package com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.remoteclient;

import java.rmi.NotBoundException;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.registry.Registry;

import com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface.Configuration;
import com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.rminterface.RemoteInterface;

public class RemoteClient {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws RemoteException, NotBoundException {
		Registry reg = LocateRegistry.getRegistry(Configuration.REMOTE_HOST, Configuration.REMOTE_PORT);
		RemoteInterface rmiInterface= (RemoteInterface) reg.lookup(Configuration.REMOTE_ID);
		
		String str = "javacodegeeks rock!";
		System.out.println("RMI returns:"+rmiInterface.capitalize(str));
	}
}

To get an overview of the structure of the project that I’ve created, take a look at the following picture:

Project Strucure

Project Strucure

If you run RemoteServer and then RemoteClient, RemoteClient will produce this output:

RMI returns:JAVACODEGEEKS ROCK!

2. An example of java.rmi.RemoteException

Now, imagine that as your remote methods is executed, suddenly something goes wrong and it throws an exception. A java.rmi.RemoteException will be throw to the client.

So let’s change :

@Override
public String capitalize(String str) throws RemoteException {
	return str.toUpperCase();
}

to :

@Override
public String capitalize(String str) throws RemoteException {
	throw new UnexpectedException("Very unexpected");
	//return str.toUpperCase();
}

Now, if you run the server first and then the client, here is the output:

java.rmi.ServerException: RemoteException occurred in server thread; nested exception is: 
	java.rmi.UnexpectedException: Very unexpected
	at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:353)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:177)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:174)
	at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:173)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:556)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:811)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:670)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)
	at sun.rmi.transport.StreamRemoteCall.exceptionReceivedFromServer(StreamRemoteCall.java:275)
	at sun.rmi.transport.StreamRemoteCall.executeCall(StreamRemoteCall.java:252)
	at sun.rmi.server.UnicastRef.invoke(UnicastRef.java:161)
	at java.rmi.server.RemoteObjectInvocationHandler.invokeRemoteMethod(RemoteObjectInvocationHandler.java:194)
	at java.rmi.server.RemoteObjectInvocationHandler.invoke(RemoteObjectInvocationHandler.java:148)
	at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy0.capitalize(Unknown Source)
	at com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.remoteclient.RemoteClient.main(RemoteClient.java:21)
Caused by: java.rmi.UnexpectedException: Very unexpected
	at com.javacodegeeks.core.rmi.remoteserver.RMIImplementation.capitalize(RMIImplementation.java:20)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
	at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:322)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:177)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:174)
	at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
	at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:173)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:556)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:811)
	at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:670)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)

3. How to solve RemoteException

As we’ve mentioned in the introduction, java.rmi.RemoteException is the most general checked exception that may occur during the lookup or the execution of a Remote Procedure Call (RPC). It is important to note that it extends java.io.IOException. But the most significant thing is that it is seldom found as a standalone exception in the wild. It mostly communicated along with its numerous sub classes. Some of them are : ConnectException, ConnectIOException, MarshalException, NoSuchObjectException, ServerError, UnexpectedException, UnmarshalException. So as you can imagine each one of them is thrown for a variety of reasons. As always they are accompanied with a very explanatory message that will help you trace the root of the problem.

A good starting point when trying to debug this exception is to solve communication issues first. For example be sure that the client and server can communicate with each other. Then make sure that you load the correct remote ID in both sides. What you should mostly do then is try to debug the remote method implementation on the server side.

Note that RemoteException also holds a reference to the most specific underlying exception that caused it. In the case of our example, that nested exception is a java.rmi.UnexpectedException. This is quite helpful as you can trace the exception that caused the more general RemoteException. That is important for debugging because, when an exception is thrown at the server, it usually reaches the client in the form of a RemoteException. So it’s important to go deeper that that, and find out what truly cased the exception. So after solving communication and configuration issues, you can narrow down your work at debugging the remote method implementation, always following the nested exceptions.

Download the Source Code

This was an example on java.rmi.RemoteException and how to solve RemoteException. You can download the source code of this example here : RMIExample.zip

(No Ratings Yet)
Start the discussion Views Tweet it!

Do you want to know how to develop your skillset to become a Java Rockstar?

Subscribe to our newsletter to start Rocking right now!

To get you started we give you our best selling eBooks for FREE!

 

1. JPA Mini Book

2. JVM Troubleshooting Guide

3. JUnit Tutorial for Unit Testing

4. Java Annotations Tutorial

5. Java Interview Questions

6. Spring Interview Questions

7. Android UI Design

 

and many more ....

 

Receive Java & Developer job alerts in your Area

 

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of