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About Chryssa Aliferi

Chryssa Aliferi
Chryssa is a Computer Science graduate from Athens University of Economic and Business. During her studies, Chryssa carried out a great variety of projects ranging from networking to software engineering. She is very keen on front end development especially on mobile technologies and web applications. She has worked as a junior Software Engineer in the telecommunications area and currently works as an Android Developer.

Java String isEmpty Example

When we talk about Strings in Java, we can imagine them as arrays of characters.

An empty Java String, is considered as the not null String that contains zero charachers, meaning its length is 0. However, a Java String that might only contain the whitespace character is not considered as empty, it is considered to contain one character and its length is equal to 1.

There are several ways, that we can check if a Java String is empty. Some of the most popular and useful ways are:

  • Checking if String is empty by using isEmpty() String method.
  • Checking if String is empty by using isBlank() String method.
  • Checking if length() String method for a String is equal to zero.
  • Checking if equals() String method returns true when we compare the given String with an empty one.
  • Using Spring framework’s StringUtils.hasLength() method.

String isEmpty() method:

So, in this example, we are going to see how to use the String isEmpty() method. The static isEmpty() method of the java.lang.String class returns a boolean which shows if the String length is 0, or not. If the length is 0 (zero), it will return true, otherwise the method will return false. However, when we want to check if a String is empty with the call of isEmpty() method, we should in the first place check whether the Java String is null or not. If we try to call a static String method from an empty or null array, it may result to a java.lang.NullPointerException. This is the reason that we might first try to ensure that the Java String is initialized.

Example:

JavaStringIsEmpty.java

package com.javacodegeeks.javabasics.string;

public class JavaStringIsEmpty {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String str1 = "JavaCodeGeeks isEmpty Example";
        String str2 = "";
        String str3 = " "; //this String is not considered as empty

        boolean check1 = str1.isEmpty(); 
        boolean check2 = str2.isEmpty();
        boolean check3 = str3.isEmpty();

        System.out.println("Is str1 empty? The answer is: "+str1.isEmpty()); //checking if str1 is empty directly

        System.out.println("Is str1 empty? The answer is: "+check1);  //checking if str1 is empty with the help of check1 boolean

        System.out.println("Is str2 empty? The answer is: "+str2.isEmpty()); //checking if str2 is empty directly

        System.out.println("Is str2 empty? The answer is: "+check2); //checking if str2 is empty with the help of check2 boolean

        System.out.println("Is str3 empty? The answer is: "+str3.isEmpty()); //checking if str3 is empty directly

        System.out.println("Is str3 empty? The answer is: "+str3.trim().isEmpty()); //checking if str3 is empty after trimming the String of any whitespaces
    }
}

Output:

Is str1 empty? The answer is: false
Is str1 empty? The answer is: false
Is str2 empty? The answer is: true
Is str2 empty? The answer is: true
Is str3 empty? The answer is: false
Is str3 empty? The answer is: true

This was the Java String isEmpty example. You can learn more about checking whether a String is empty in the example Check empty string.

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