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About Ilias Tsagklis

Ilias Tsagklis
Ilias is a software developer turned online entrepreneur. He is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.

Delete file/directory

In this example we shall show you how to delete a file or directory. We are using the File class that is an abstract representation of file and directory pathnames. To delete a file or directory one should perform the following steps:

  • Create a new File instance by converting the given pathname string into an abstract pathname.
  • Use delete() API method of File. This method deletes the file or directory denoted by this abstract pathname. If this pathname denotes a directory, then the directory must be empty in order to be deleted. Note that the Files class defines the delete method to throw an IOException when a file cannot be deleted.

Let’s take a look at the code snippet below:

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.core;

import java.io.File;

public class DeleteFileDirectory {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		// delete file
		File file = new File("C://deleteme.txt");
		boolean fileDeleted = file.delete();
		System.out.println("File deleted: " + fileDeleted);

		// delete directory
		File dir = new File("C://deletemedir/");
		boolean dirDeleted = dir.delete();
		System.out.println("File deleted: " + dirDeleted);

This was an example of how to delete a file or directory in Java.

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