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Byron is a master software engineer working in the IT and Telecom domains. He is an applications developer in a wide variety of applications/services. He is currently acting as the team leader and technical architect for a proprietary service creation and integration platform for both the IT and Telecom industries in addition to a in-house big data real-time analytics solution. He is always fascinated by SOA, middleware services and mobile development. Byron is co-founder and Executive Editor at Java Code Geeks.

Create custom Exception example

This is an example of how to create and use a custom exception that will be thrown in a specified condition. In order to create a custom exception and use it in a method invocation we have followed the steps below:

  • We have created an InvalidPassException class that extends the Exception and uses the Exception’s constructors in its constructors. 
  • We have created a method void checkPass(String pass), that checks a String password’s validity and throws an InvalidPassException if the password’s length is shorter that a specific min length.
  • We create a try-catch block where we invoke the checkPass(String pass) method and catch the InvalidPassException.

Let’s take a look at the code snippet that follows:

package com.javacodegeeks.snippets.basics;

public class CustomExceptionExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

  // We demonstrate with a short password

  try {


  } catch (InvalidPassException e) {




  // We demonstrate with no password

  try {


  } catch (InvalidPassException e) {




    // Our business method that check password validity and throws InvalidPassException
    public static void checkPass(String pass) throws InvalidPassException {

  int minPassLength = 5;

  try {

if (pass.length() < minPassLength)

    throw new InvalidPassException("The password provided is too short");

  } catch (NullPointerException e) {

throw new InvalidPassException("No password provided", e);


// A custom business exception
class InvalidPassException extends Exception {

    InvalidPassException() {

    InvalidPassException(String message) {


    InvalidPassException(String message, Throwable cause) {

  super(message, cause);

This was an example of how to create and use a custom exception in Java.

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