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About Jesus Boadas

Jesus Boadas
I'm a self taught programmer, I began programming back in 1991 using an IBM A10 mainframe with Pascal an Assembler IBM 360/70 emulator and Turbo C on a X86 PC, since that I work for the banking industry with emerging technologies like Fox Pro, Visual Fox Pro, Visual Basic, Visual C++, Borland C++, lately I moved out to the Airline industry, leading designing and programming in-house web applications with Flex, Actionscript, PHP, Python and Rails and in the last 7 years I focused all my work in Java, working on Linux servers using GlassFish, TomCat, Apache and MySql.

Vaadin jQuery example

jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the DOM manipulation. jQuery is the most popular JavaScript library in use today.
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 

1. The tools

  • Java JDK 8
  • Latest Eclipse Mars
  • Vaadin 7.6.8
  • Tomcat Server 8

2. Introduction

In this example we are going to use jQuery to manipulate some UI elements. jQuery works on the client side and when you use it, you don’t get the server calls that you usually get with the Vaadin widgets. Here we are going to create a label and manipulate the label with jQuery inside a Vaadin application.

3. Prerequisites

  • JDK installed
  • Eclipse Mars installed and working
  • Vaadin plug-in installed
  • Tomcat 8 installed and running

4. Set up the project

In the file menu choose File -> New -> Other

01 New Project

1 New Project

Now from the list choose Vaadin 7 project

02 Vaadin Project

2 Vaadin Project

Click next and name your project then press finish.

5. The example

5.1 jQuery

5.1.1 Download jQuery

Go to: Download jQuery and download the latest jQuery.

3 Download jQuery

3 Download jQuery

5.1.2 Include jQuery in the Vaadin project

Place the downloaded library inside the Vaadin Project. In the folder: [PROJECT-NAME]->WebContent->VAADIN->jquery

4 jQuery location

4 jQuery location

5.1.3 Import jQuery in the Vaadin project

Import the jQuery library using the annotation @JavaScript

Import jQuery

@JavaScript({"vaadin://jquery/jquery-3.1.0.min.js"})

5.2 Styles

Edit the styles file and add a style for the label.

[PROJECT-NAME]->WebContent->VAADIN->themes->[project-name]->[projectname].scss

5 Styles

5 Styles

java

.v-label-mylabelstyle {
    color: black;
    text-align: left;
    background-color: lightblue;
}

color: black; Changes the color of the text to black.
text-align: left;Aligns the text to the left.
background-color: lightblue.Changes the background color to a light blue.

5.3 Java Code

5.3.1 Main Layout

Main Layout

		final VerticalLayout layout = new VerticalLayout();
		layout.setMargin(true);
		layout.setSpacing(true);
		setContent(layout);

final VerticalLayout layout = new VerticalLayout(); Creates a vertical layout.
layout.setMargin(true); Enables the margin of the layout.

layout.setSpacing(true); Enables the spacing of the layout.
setContent(layout); Sets the main content to the vertical layout.

5.3.2 Buttons Layout

Buttons layouts

		HorizontalLayout buttonLayout1 =  new HorizontalLayout();
		HorizontalLayout buttonLayout2 =  new HorizontalLayout();

HorizontalLayout buttonLayout1 = new HorizontalLayout(); Creates an horizontal layout for the first row of buttons.
HorizontalLayout buttonLayout2 = new HorizontalLayout(); Creates an horizontal layout for the second row of buttons.

5.3.3 The Label

The label

		Label theLabel = new Label("This is a label");
		theLabel.setWidth("400px");
		theLabel.setHeight("50px");
		theLabel.setId("theLabel");
		theLabel.addStyleName("mylabelstyle");

Label theLabel = new Label("This is a label"); Creates a new label.
theLabel.setWidth("400px"); Sets the width of the label.

theLabel.setHeight("50px"); Sets the height of the label.
theLabel.setId("theLabel"); Assigns an id to the label.

theLabel.addStyleName("mylabelstyle"); Adds a style to the label.

5.3.4 Change background color button

Change background color button

		Button backgroundButton = new Button("Color");
		backgroundButton.setWidth("100px");
		backgroundButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('background-color', 'green').css('color', 'white');");
			}
		});

Button backgroundButton = new Button("Color"); Creates a button to change the color.
backgroundButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

backgroundButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() { Adds a click listener to the button.
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});"); Executes the jQuery code.

This jQuery code animates the width of the label to be 400 pixels.
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);"); Animates the opacity of the label to be entirely opaque.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('background-color', 'green').css('color', 'white');"); Changes the background color of the label using the CSS selector of jQuery.

5.3.5 Change Opacity button

Change Opacity button

		Button opacityButton = new Button("Opacity");
		opacityButton.setWidth("100px");
		opacityButton.addClickListener(new Button.ClickListener() {
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 0.2}, 1500);");
			}
		});

Button opacityButton = new Button("Opacity"); Creates a new button to change the opacity.
opacityButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});"); Animates the width of the label using jQuery.
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});"); Animates the height of the label using jQuery.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 0.2}, 1500);"); Animates the opacity of the label to be almost transparent.

5.3.6 Change width button

Change width button

		Button widthButton = new Button("Width");
		widthButton.setWidth("100px");
		widthButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '200px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});");
			}
		});

Button widthButton = new Button("Width"); Creates a button to change the width of the label.
widthButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);"); Sets the label opaque using jQuery.
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '200px'});"); Animates the width of the label to be 200 pixels, using jQuery.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});"); This jQuery animates the height of the label.

5.3.7 Animate Button

Animate button

		Button animateButton = new Button("Animate");
		animateButton.setWidth("100px");
		animateButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("$('#theLabel').animate({");
				sb.append("opacity: '0.5',");
				sb.append("height: '150px',");
				sb.append("width: '150px'");
				sb.append("});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute(sb.toString());
			}
		});

Button animateButton = new Button("Animate"); Creates a button to animate the label.
animateButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("$('#theLabel').animate({"); Creates a string builder to build the jQuery string.
sb.append("opacity: '0.5',"); Appends the opacity property of the animation.

sb.append("height: '150px',"); Appends the height property of the animation.
sb.append("width: '150px'"); Appends the width property of the animation.

sb.append("});"); Appends the controls characters to complete the jQuery string
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute(sb.toString()); Executes the jQuery animation.

5.3.8 Change text button

Change text button

		Button changeTextButton = new Button("Text");
		changeTextButton.setWidth("100px");
		changeTextButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').text('This is other text');");
			}
		});

Button changeTextButton = new Button("Text"); Creates a button to change the text of the label.
changeTextButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').text('This is other text');"); Changes the texts of the label using jQuery.

5.3.9 Change html text button

Change html text button

		Button changeTextHtmlButton = new Button("Html");
		changeTextHtmlButton.setWidth("100px");
		changeTextHtmlButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').html('This is HTML Text');");
			}
		});

Button changeTextHtmlButton = new Button("Html"); Creates a button to change the text in the label for HTML.
changeTextHtmlButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').html('This is HTML Text');");
This jQuery changes the text to be an HTML element, in this case .

5.3.10 Center text button

Center text button

		Button centerButton = new Button("Center");
		centerButton.setWidth("100px");
		centerButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','center');");
			}
		});

Button centerButton = new Button("Center"); Creates a button to center the text.
centerButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.

com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','center');"); Centers the text of the label using jQuery.

5.3.11 Justify text left button

Justify text left button

		Button leftButton = new Button("Left");
		leftButton.setWidth("100px");
		leftButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','left');");
			}
		});

Button leftButton = new Button("Left"); Creates a button to align the text in the label.
leftButton.setWidth("100px"); Sets the width of the button.
com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','left');"); Aligns left, the text in the label using jQuery.

5.3.12 Add widgets to layout

Add widgets to layout

		buttonLayout1.addComponent(backgroundButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(opacityButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(widthButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(animateButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextHtmlButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(centerButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(leftButton);
		layout.addComponent(theLabel);
		layout.addComponent(buttonLayout1);
		layout.addComponent(buttonLayout2);

buttonLayout1.addComponent(backgroundButton); Adds the change color button to the first button layout.
buttonLayout1.addComponent(opacityButton); Adds the change opacity button to the first button layout.

buttonLayout1.addComponent(widthButton); Adds the change width button to the first button layout.
buttonLayout1.addComponent(animateButton); Adds the animate button to the first button layout.

buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextButton); Adds the change text button to the second button layout.
buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextHtmlButton); Adds the change HTML button to the second layout.

buttonLayout2.addComponent(centerButton); Adds the center text to the second button layout.
buttonLayout2.addComponent(leftButton); Adds the align left text to the second button layout.
layout.addComponent(theLabel); Adds the label to the layout.

layout.addComponent(buttonLayout1); Adds the first button layout to the layout.
layout.addComponent(buttonLayout2); Adds the second button layout to the layout.

6. The complete source code

6.1 Styles

vaadinjquery.scss

@import "../valo/valo.scss";

@mixin vaadinjquery {
  @include valo;

.v-label-mylabelstyle {
    color: black;
    text-align: left;
    background-color: lightblue;
}
}

6.2 Main Class

VaadinjqueryUI.java

package com.example.vaadinjquery;

import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;

import com.vaadin.annotations.JavaScript;
import com.vaadin.annotations.Theme;
import com.vaadin.annotations.VaadinServletConfiguration;
import com.vaadin.server.VaadinRequest;
import com.vaadin.server.VaadinServlet;
import com.vaadin.ui.Button;
import com.vaadin.ui.Button.ClickEvent;
import com.vaadin.ui.Button.ClickListener;
import com.vaadin.ui.HorizontalLayout;
import com.vaadin.ui.Label;
import com.vaadin.ui.UI;
import com.vaadin.ui.VerticalLayout;

@JavaScript({"vaadin://jquery/jquery-3.1.0.min.js"})
@SuppressWarnings("serial")
@Theme("vaadinjquery")
public class VaadinjqueryUI extends UI {

	@WebServlet(value = "/*", asyncSupported = true)
	@VaadinServletConfiguration(productionMode = false, ui = VaadinjqueryUI.class, widgetset = "com.example.vaadinjquery.widgetset.VaadinjqueryWidgetset")
	public static class Servlet extends VaadinServlet {
	}

	@Override
	protected void init(VaadinRequest request) {
		final VerticalLayout layout = new VerticalLayout();
		layout.setMargin(true);
		layout.setSpacing(true);
		setContent(layout);
		
		HorizontalLayout buttonLayout1 =  new HorizontalLayout();
		HorizontalLayout buttonLayout2 =  new HorizontalLayout();

		Label theLabel = new Label("This is a label");
		theLabel.setWidth("400px");
		theLabel.setHeight("50px");
		theLabel.setId("theLabel");
		theLabel.addStyleName("mylabelstyle");

		Button backgroundButton = new Button("Color");
		backgroundButton.setWidth("100px");
		backgroundButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('background-color', 'green').css('color', 'white');");				
			}
		});
		
		Button opacityButton = new Button("Opacity");
		opacityButton.setWidth("100px");
		opacityButton.addClickListener(new Button.ClickListener() {
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '400px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 0.2}, 1500);");
			}
		});
		
		Button widthButton = new Button("Width");
		widthButton.setWidth("100px");
		widthButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({opacity: 1.0}, 100);");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({width: '200px'});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').animate({height: '50px'});");
			}
		});
		
		Button animateButton = new Button("Animate");
		animateButton.setWidth("100px");
		animateButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("$('#theLabel').animate({");
				sb.append("opacity: '0.5',");
				sb.append("height: '150px',");
				sb.append("width: '150px'");
				sb.append("});");
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute(sb.toString());
			}
		});
		
		Button changeTextButton = new Button("Text");
		changeTextButton.setWidth("100px");
		changeTextButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').text('This is other text');");
			}
		});

		Button changeTextHtmlButton = new Button("Html");
		changeTextHtmlButton.setWidth("100px");
		changeTextHtmlButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').html('This is HTML Text');");
			}
		});
		
		Button centerButton = new Button("Center");
		centerButton.setWidth("100px");
		centerButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','center');");
			}
		});
		
		Button leftButton = new Button("Left");
		leftButton.setWidth("100px");
		leftButton.addClickListener(new ClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void buttonClick(ClickEvent event) {
				com.vaadin.ui.JavaScript.getCurrent().execute("$('#theLabel').css('text-align','left');");
			}
		});
		
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(backgroundButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(opacityButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(widthButton);
		buttonLayout1.addComponent(animateButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(changeTextHtmlButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(centerButton);
		buttonLayout2.addComponent(leftButton);
		layout.addComponent(theLabel);
		layout.addComponent(buttonLayout1);
		layout.addComponent(buttonLayout2);
	}

}

7. Running the example

Right click on the project folder and choose Run as -> Run on server choose Tomcat 8 server and click finish.

8. Results

8.1 Start application

When you start the application, you get the following screen.

6 Run Application

6 Run Application

8.2 Change label color

Change the label color to green.

7 Change label color

7 Change label color

8.3 Change label opacity

Change the label opacity.

8 Change label opacity

8 Change label opacity

8.4 Change label width

Change the label width.

9 Change label width

9 Change label width

8.5 Animate label

Animate the label.

10 Animate label

10 Animate label

8.6 Change text

Change the text inside the label.

11 Change Text

11 Change Text

8.7 HTML text

Change the text in the label for HTML text.

12 HTML text

12 HTML text

8.8 Center text

Center the text in the label.

13 Center text

13 Center text

8.9 Justify text left

Justify the text.

14 Justify text left

14 Justify text left

9. Download the Source Code

This was an example of: Vaadin jQuery.

Download
You can download the Eclipse project here: VaadinJquery

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